Report of the Hundred and Tenth Round Table on Transport Economics, Held in Paris on 12th-13th March 1998 on the Following Topic: Traffic Congestion in Europe
Economic Research Centre, European Conference of Ministers of Transport, 1999 - Transportation - 237 pages
The problems caused by road congestion are frequently reported in the media and finding a solution to congestion ranks high on the agenda of politicians. Countless studies have been published detailing the number of working hours lost in traffic jams. The figures quoted in these studies are alarming and paint an apocalyptic picture of road congestion. However, besides the everyday congestion faced by motorists, differences of opinion are now starting to appear with regard to the scale of the problem and the ways in which it should be tackled. This Round Table attempted to define congestion and to determine the scale of the problem. It addressed the trends in congestion and the consequences of those trends. The Round Table then considered possible solutions to the congestion problem. Considering the extent of this problem in the European context, the Round Table report sheds light on one of the most visible malfunctions of transport systems.
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VOLUME OF TRAFFIC CONGESTION
ASSESSMENT OF CONGESTION EFFECTS
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000 vehicles 000 vehicles/day automobile average speed behaviour billion bottlenecks calculated capita car ownership CD CD cent changes CM CM congestion costs congestion levels congestion pricing congestion problem congestion toll costs of congestion Dargay definition of congestion Dutch ECMT economic effects emissions environmental estimated European countries factors Figure free-flow fuel consumption generalised cost Germany growth higher highways increase interurban motorways km/h lanes level of congestion losses main roads marginal costs Ministry of Transport motoring costs motorway network Netherlands Norway OECD passenger cars pattern policymakers population density public transport queue Randstad reduced regions result road capacity road congestion road expansion road infrastructure road kilometre road network road pricing road space Ruhr area situation spatial statistics stop-and-go studies suburbanisation Table traffic conditions traffic congestion traffic flow traffic levels traffic speed transport system travel time budget trips United Kingdom urban roads vehicle-kms volume of traffic