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Abdildin according administrative allow Almaty announced appeared Asia authorities barring called campaign candidates Central Asian challenge Commission staff communists concerns considering contest continue cooperation country's Court critical December democracy democratic Department develop economic election electoral especially example exclusion expected fair February figure foreign former freedom Gabbasov give hands Helsinki Commission holding hopes human rights independent indicated institutions interests issued January January 11 Kasymov Kazak Kazakstan Kazhegeldin leaders lower maintaining March meetings Ministry mission monitor movement Nazarbaev Nevertheless newspapers November observer October ODIHR ODIHR's official opposition organizations OSCE parliament parliamentary participating Party People's percent political president presidential presidential elections Prime Minister privatization received reelection reforms registered relations relatively remain representatives Republican republics Russian Security September serious short Soviet stability standards statement term Uzbekistan various vote voters Western
Page 3 - Caspian Logic: Democracy? Sure, Sure. Now Buy Our Oil," New York Times, January 3, 1999. 2 Interfax-Kazakstan, November 16, 1998. 56-039 - 99
Page 6 - Three days earlier, a woman doing public relations for Kazhegeldin was beaten; the same happened to his press secretary in August. 9 The New York Times called Kazakstan's president a "thinly disguised dictator who stages elections he has no chance of losing." 10 On September 5, 1997, Kazhegeldin published an article in Karavan, acknowledging that he had, in fact, worked for the KGB in the past.
Page 4 - the country's most popular newspaper, was sold; nobody knows who bought it, but it is generally assumed to belong to Nazarbaev's relatives and no longer publishes articles even remotely critical of the president. On September 26, someone firebombed the offices of the opposition newspaper 21st Century. Two days later, the authorities closed the paper down.
Page 15 - communists are apparently rent by divisions that could cost them at the polls. Analyzing the prospects of these various parties assumes that the parliamentary elections are not completely farcical. In any case, the splintered opposition faces formidable competition from Otan, a new party uniting pro-government parties and organizations. Nazarbaev attended Otan 's founding congress on March
Page 5 - Many analysts of Kazakstani politics argued in 1998 that Nazarbaev's concerns about developments in Russia also impelled him to speed up his own reelection. In 2000, Boris Yeltsin will leave office. Whoever replaces him could well pursue more aggressively Russia's interests in and with Kazakstán. These include minimizing the penetration of US, Western and Chinese influence, keeping
Page 18 - Having now set a precedent for sending only small groups to follow the election process in a country where conditions clearly preclude a free and fair contest, OSCE/ODIHR will now have to make some difficult decisions in 1999 and beyond. The registration of the Republican People's Party and Orleo raises
Page 4 - which began operations in April 1998, dared to print articles about the finances of Nazarbaev's family, and did so in the Kazak language, which many believe the authorities found particularly irritating. The tax police confiscated its computers in July. In November, the authorities fined
Page 10 - Though Astana (previously Akmola) is the new capital and many government agencies have been moved there, most foreign embassies and international organizations have remained in Almaty. 16 ODIHR's assessment was published in some Kazakstani newspapers, including the opposition-oriented