Report on the Forest Conditions of the Rocky Mountains, and Other Papers ...

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Page 8 - ... hundred feet in width on each side of said railroad where it may pass...
Page 206 - Congress appropriated $200,000 for "the purchase of growing or other timber, or of lands on which timber is growing, suitable for the Navy, and for its preservation for future use.
Page 14 - ... and the mountain forests will therefore be in safer hands with the community at large, with the state. Let It not be overlooked that the state is not only the representative of communal interests as against individual interests, but also of future interests as against those of the present; that the forest...
Page 226 - ... this diathermancy of high altitudes on solar and terrestrial radiation is wonderful. The solar radiation is rapid, and soon after sunrise the temperature rises, because of the slight resistance which the rarefied and dry air offers to the sun's rays; while, after sunset, the terrestrial radiation is also rapid, because there is no moist envelope shrouding the face of the earth to prevent the natural cooling of the dry...
Page 234 - ... are also not infrequent in the summer ; but, being cool as compared with the average summer temperature, are in consequence then not commonly recognized by the same name. When the ground is covered with snow, the effect of the winds in its removal is marvellous, as, owing to the extremely desiccated condition of the air, the snow may be said to vanish rather than to melt, the moisture being licked up as fast as it is produced
Page 11 - Railroads pass through many of the Territories ; along their routes wealthy companies have been organized, mills erected, and the most valuable timber accessible is being rapidly cut off. That which is " every one's property is no one's care," and waste and extravagance are the natural consequence of negligent legislation.
Page 116 - Pacific railroad affords ready transportation to excellent markets for the products of this region. The parks of Colorado are a distinctive and remarkable feature of the mountain country, being apparently the basins of former lakes upheaved and deprived of their waters by volcanic agency, with their original shape and situation at the foot of high mountains undisturbed ; while their lowest depths are from 6,000 to 9,000 ft.
Page 19 - Steam saw-mills are established promiscuously on public lands for the manufacture of lumber procured from the public domain by miscellaneous trespassers. Large operators employ hundreds, and in some cases thousands of men, cutting government timber and sawing it up into lumber and shingles, which, when needed and purchased by local citizens, can only be obtained by them at prices governed by the market value of timber brought over expensive transportation routes from points of legitimate supply.
Page 235 - TEMPERATURE AND RELATIVE HUMIDITY, JANUARY, 1875. Salt Lake, at the western foot of the Wahsatch Range, in the Great Basin, is constantly rather warm, and of ordinary humidity; Pike's Peak is cold and constantly at its dew point. North Platte, on the plains east of the mountains, is much colder, and distinctly dryer. Denver and Cheyenne are much alike in changes of temperature, as these stations are about equally distant from the eastern foot of the mountains ; but Denver shows much the greater decrease...
Page 23 - States, it would still be less than the value of the forest crop by a sum sufficient to purchase at cost of construction all the canals, buy up at par all the stock of the telegraph companies, pay their bonded debts and construct and equip all the telephone lines in the United States.

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