Report on the Medical Topography and Statistics of the Presidency Division of the Madras Army: Including Fort St. George, and Its Dependencies, Within the Limits of the Supreme Court. Compiled from the Records of the Medical Board Office

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Thorpe, 1842 - Medical geography - 111 pages
 

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Page 4 - The purity and wholesomeness of this water seem to depend on its being filtered through u bed of fine quartzose sand, which is several miles in length measured from north to south, but only three or four hundred yards in breadth, its depth varying from. one to fifteen feet ; in some places it is covered to a considerable depth with red clay and sand. It has been found, in digging wells in this stratum of sand, that if it be passed through, the water obtained below is of an inferior quality, and frequently...
Page 4 - seven wells", is especially valued for its purity, which it is said by sea-faring people to preserve for a length of time at sea. Public water works have been erected in this enclosure by government, and two reservoirs have been constructed, one in the fort, the other midway between the fort and the town, which are daily filled from the wells by means of metal pipes : the shipping, and all the inhabitants who choose to send for it, are supplied from these sources. The purity and wholesomeness of...
Page 69 - ... of five hundred yards. The sea flows to within a few yards of the ramparts, which are fenced by an artificial barrier of stone work from the influence of the surf and tide ; the foundation of the works on the sea-face contains a series of cisterns, which are filled with fresh water from the well formerly mentioned, as situated at the northern extremity of Black Town. The troops...
Page 87 - ... a blister to the nape of the neck, and sinapisms to the feet were applied, without any effect.
Page 7 - They are generally of two stories,constructed in a pleasing light style of architecture, terraced with porticoes and verandahs supported by pillars. The lower story is often raised several feet from the ground ; the doors and windows are large, and provided with Venetian blinds so as to admit free ventilation ; and the apartments are lofty, spacious and airy.
Page 6 - ... village generally has a cleanly appearance, except in the outskirts. A public Dispensary is situated in the town, and the diseases show the nature of the various distempers generally prevailing throughout Madras. The populous villages of Poodoopettah and Egmore, lie nearly due west of...
Page 92 - Perambore, and the third, a veteran battalion, is located in Black Town. The Head Quarters of the Artillery are at " the Mount," 8 miles from the Fort. The Governor's Body Guard which consists of two troops of Cavalry, occupy lines situated on the west part of the Island close to Government bridge adjoining the Camp Equipage Depot, and are separated from the village of Chintadrepettah by the river Cooum. The men are allowed to live in any of the surrounding villages, no hutting ground being allotted...
Page 6 - The principal street or bazaar, is wide, having drains at either side ; but the back streets are confined, and many of them without drains, they are filthy and offensive, and it has consequently been observed that when epidemic diseases appear, the inhabitants of these localities suffer considerably more than those in other situations.
Page 5 - ... the beach. The inhabitants are chiefly fishermen and boatmen ; amounting to about 8,000, they are persons of low caste, and many of them are Roman Catholic Christians. They live in huts of an inferior description, having mud walls and cadjan (dried palmyra leaves) roofs. From the filthy condition and poverty of the inhabitants, disease, when it appears in an epidemic form in Madras, invariably causes great havoc in this village. The families...

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