Reports of Inspection Made in the Summer of 1877 by Generals P. H. Sheridan and W. T. Sherman of Country North of the Union Pacific Railroad
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1878 - Bighorn Mountains (Wyo. and Mont.) - 110 pages
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abundant Altitnde of Camp August beantiful Benton Bighorn Mountains Bighorn Range Bighorn River Bitter Root bluff Camp was pitched canon Captain Cavalry Cceur Clond Colonel command companies crossed d'Alene day's march Deer Lodge distance east Ellis escort feet ferry Fork garrison Gibbon grass harbor head Helena hill horses hot springs hour Indians Infantry Island July Lake land Little Bighorn Little Bighorn River Little Wind River Lower Geyser Basin mission Missoula Missouri Montana Mount Mount Washburn mouth Mullan road navigation Nez Perces night Owl Creek Owl Creek Mountains Painted Rock River Park passed pine Portland prairie ravines reached region rocky Rosebnd route September Shaw side Spokane Bridge steamboat steamer stream summit thence three miles timber Tongue River town trail traveled valley W. T. SHERMAN wagons Walla Walla wood Yellowstone
Page 3 - SIR : I have the honor to forward, for the information of the general commanding the department, the reports of Brigadier-General Johnson and Brig.
Page 35 - Descending Mount Washburn, by a trail through woods, one emerges into the meadows or springs out of which Cascade Creek takes its water, and, following it to near its mouth, you camp and walk to the great falls and the head of the Yellowstone canyon. In grandeur, majesty, and coloring, these, probably, equal any on earth. The painting by Moran in the Capitol is good, but painting and words are unequal to the subject.
Page 28 - I do not know a single enterprise in which the United States has more interest than in the extension of the Northern Pacific Railroad from its present terminus at Bismarck to the mouth of Powder River on the Yellowstone.
Page 44 - Joseph's" band of hostile Nez Perces. The General of the Army visited the new post in September, 1877, and reported to the Honorable Secretary of War that he regarded Missoula "as a stragetic point that will remain so forever, made so by the conformation of the rivers and mountains. These will force all roads to converge here, and four hundred men here will equal a thousand at any point within 400 miles.
Page 36 - ... locate several geysers accurately. We reached the Upper Geyser Basin at 12 M. one day and remained there till 4 PM of the next. During that time we saw the old ' Faithful ' perform at intervals varying from sixtytwo minutes to eighty minutes. The intervals vary, but the performance only varies with the wind and sun. The cone, or hill, is of soft, decaying lime, but immediately about the hole, which is irregular, about six feet across, the incrustation is handsome, so that one can look in safety...
Page 29 - General Sheridan had just come across from Camp Stambaugh, and had seen no Indians. General Sherman writes: With this post, and that at the mouth of the old Tongue River, occupied by strong, enterprising garrisons, these Sioux Indians can never regain this country, and they will be forced to remain at their Agencies or take refuge in the British possessions. At this moment there are no Indians here or hereabouts; I have seen or heard of none. The country west of this is a good country, and will rapidly...
Page 36 - ... yards across. In walking among and around them, one feels that in a moment he may break through and be lost in a species of hell. Six miles higher up the West Madison is the Upper Geyser Basin — the "spouting geysers," the real object and aim of our visit.
Page 33 - Indians rarely resort to the park, a poor region for game, and to their superstitious minds associated with hell by reason of its geysers and hot springs. We expect to be gone from here about fifteen days, during which we can receive or send no letters. On our return here, say August...
Page 35 - Washburn is plainly seen, as on a map at one's feet, the whole of the National Park and the mountains to the south of the Yellowstone Lake, whence flow the waters east, west, north, and south.
Page 36 - Each eruption was similar, preceded by about five minutes of sputtering, and then would arise a column of hot water, steaming and smoking, to the height of 125 or 130 feet, the steam going a hundred or more feet higher, according to the state of the wind. It was difficult to say where the water ended and steam began; and this must be the reason why different observers have reported different results. The whole performance lasts about five minutes, when the column of water gradually sinks, and the...