Representing Women?: Female Legislators in West European Parliaments

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ECPR Press, 2005 - Political Science - 292 pages
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This work discusses questions on political participation, representation and legitimacy in the European Union national parliaments. Three major empirical questions structure the book: What affects women's presence in parliaments?, Does the number of women in parliament have an effect? And are women in parliament representing women? 

Empirical evidences show that institutional reforms need a 'minimal environment' in terms of socio-economic development so as to prove effective. As opposed to the critical mass theory, claiming that a few representatives cannot have an impact on the political outcomes, here the empirical evidences suggest that smaller groups can also influence the different components of the legislative process. The last part turns to the fundamental question of whether a parliament that is descriptively representative, i.e. in which the parliamentarians share certain characteristics with the voters, also is a substantively descriptive parliament, i.e. in which the parliamentarians mirror the voters' opinions. 

 

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Contents

GENERAL INTRODUCTION Outline of the book
2
WHAT AFFECTS THE PRESENCE OF WOMEN
11
The temporal dimension of womens political participation
32
Macroconditions affecting the presence of women
50
Enhancing the representation of women as a matter
86
DOES THE NUMBER OF WOMEN IN PARLIAMENT
109
Differences between female and male MPs specialisa
128
The perceived impact of a more genderbalanced
140
Insight into the gender gap a critical mass effect?
158
ARE WOMEN IN PARLIAMENT REPRESENTING WOMEN?
183
Is there a gender representation? Issue congruence
189
1 Table 7 2 and female MPs in ten EU Member States Issue congruence between male and female voters and male
191
Is there a gender representation? Issue congruence
203
CONCLUSION
221
References and bibliography
237
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Page 11 - ... disproportionately, but proportionately. A majority of the electors would always have a majority of the representatives; but a minority of the electors would always have a minority of the representatives. Man for man, they would be as fully represented as the majority. Unless they are, there is not equal government, but a government of inequality and privilege : one part of the people rule...
Page 10 - co-generation" is used. ECU European Currency Unit EU The European Union, whose members are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.
Page 11 - In a really equal democracy, every or any section would be represented, not disproportionately, but proportionately. A majority of the electors wolild always have a majority of the representatives; but a minority of the electors would always have a minority of the representatives. Man for man they would be as fully represented as the majority.
Page 2 - Equality between men and women must be ensured in all areas, including employment, work and pay.

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About the author (2005)

Mercedes Mateo Diaz is FNRS postdoctoral fellow at the University of Louvain (UCL-Belgium). She has been a postdoctoral Marie Curie Fellow at the Robert Schumann Center (European University Institute), where she previously held a Jean Monnet Fellowship. She was research fellow at the Inter-University Centre for Electoral and for Political Opinion Research (Belgium), and visiting researcher at the University of Göteborg granted by the TMR network Representation in Europe. She has made a number of significant contributions to edited works and to peer-reviewed journals such as Verfassungsexperiment - Europa auf dem Weg zu einer postnationalen Demokratie, edited by Liebert, U et al, LIT-Verlag; Le parachutage politique, edited by Dolez, B & Hastings, M, L'Harmattan; Revue Française de Science Politique, South European Society and Politics, Res Publica, Feminist Legal Studies, Opinião Pública, and Revue Internationale de Politique Comparée. She has also co-edited a collection of essays entitled The Future of Gender Equality in the European Union (with Susan Millns, Palgrave Macmillan, 2005).

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