Research for Development in the Dry Arab Region: The Cactus Flower
Can dryland communities cope with the global changes sweeping the world today? Is their predicament limited to their difficulty of building livelihoods on precarious natural resources? Can development research and external interventions offer any sustainable and fruitful partnerships to this end? This book relates the story of a relationship between a poor rural community in arid Lebanon and a development research project and their common journey to embrace sustainable resource use. The book compiles 10 years of knowledge and experience of a team of development researchers investigating sustainable rural livelihoods in the community of Arsaal, Lebanon. It describes the research experience and evaluates the innovative approaches that were developed, the successes and failures of the project, and the many lessons that were learned.
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adopted agenda agropastoral animals ARDA areas Arsaal project assessment Beirut Bekaa Bekaa valley capacity building centre Cherry common land conflict context cooperative crop cultural development research drylands economic ecozone environment environmental ESDU establishment farmers farming systems flock framework fruit growers fruit production fruit trees Funding gender global grazing groups Hamadeh Harid harvesting herders ICARDA IDRC IFAD impact implementation improve indigenous initial institutional integrated intercropping interventions involved issues land degradation Lebanese Lebanon legume livelihood strategies livestock major millimetres municipal natural resource management needs NGOs orchards organizations Oxfam participation participatory action research participatory approach participatory research partnership pastoralists PGIS policy influence political potential practices problems programmes rainfall research and development reservoirs role rural sector sheep small ruminant social socioeconomic soil degradation soil fertility stakeholders stone fruit sustainable agriculture sustainable livelihood technical traditional UNDP village women Zurayk
Page 83 - And it ought to be remembered ' that there is nothing more difficult to take in hand, more perilous to conduct, or more uncertain in its success, than to take the lead in the introduction of a new order of things.
Page 29 - Why?" But I dream things that never were; and I say "Why not?
Page xiii - In the time of my favor I will answer you, and in the day of salvation I will help you; I will keep you and will make you to be a covenant for the people, to restore the land and to reassign its desolate inheritances, 9to say to the captives, 'Come out,' and to those in darkness, 'Be free!
Page 60 - system of computer hardware, software and procedures designed to support the capture, management, manipulation, analysis, modelling and display of spatially referenced data for solving complex planning and management problems
Page 98 - ... the process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in their struggle for survival and in order to improve their standard of living
Page 96 - A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base.
Page 55 - participatory research', 'community involvement' and the like, at the end of the day there is still an outsider seeking to change things. Marxist, socialist, capitalist, Muslim, Christian, Hindu, Buddhist, humanist, male, female, young, old, national, foreigner, black, brown, white - who the outsider is may change but the relation is the same. A stronger person wants to change things for a person who is weaker. From this paternal trap there is no complete escape.
Page 55 - However much the rhetoric changes to 'participation', 'participatory research', 'community involvement' and the like, at the end of the day there is still an outsider seeking to change things. Marxist, socialist, capitalist, Muslim, Christian, Hindu, Buddhist, humanist, male, female, young, old, national, foreigner, black, brown, white -who the outsider is may change but the relation is the same. A stronger person wants to change things for a person who is weaker. From this paternal trap...