Research Fraud in the Behavioral and Biomedical Sciences
David J. Miller, Michel Hersen
John Wiley & Sons, Mar 24, 1992 - Medical - 251 pages
While there is currently no official consensus as to the extent of fraud or misrepresentation in the sciences, recent estimates suggest that they may occur in as much as 12% of all scientific research conducted in North America. In an age dominated philosophically by the overarching ideal of scientific truth, and in which science plays a central role in virtually every aspect of life, research fraud, in even the minutest degree, can have only dire and far-reaching implications. Nowhere is the seriousness of scientific fraud more evident than in the behavioral and biomedical sciences--those disciplines that have the most obvious and immediate impact upon the physical and psychological health and well-being of both the individual and society. Yet, traditionally, students and practitioners in those fields have received, at best, minimal exposure to the ethical issues involved in the research endeavor. This book seeks to rectify that situation. Research Fraud in the Behavioral and Biomedical Sciences brings together contributions by specialists in psychology, medicine, law, and philosophy. Over the course of twelve chapters, those specialists treat topics as diverse as the history of research fraud, the moral and ethical philosophical aspects of empirical science, the legal ramifications of fraud, the psychology of people who commit fraud and the institutional and career pressures (publish or perish, etc.) that often compel them to do so, and the influence of the review process used by professional journals and review boards. Also included are several chapters covering recent case histories of alleged fraud in biomedical and social science research. In the final chapters of Research FraudIn the Behavioral and Biomedical Sciences, the editors explore, in great detail, options for future prevention of research fraud. A comprehensive scholarly treatment of research fraud in the behavioral and biomedical sciences, this fascinating and enlightening book is essential reading for professionals in psychology, psychiatry, medicine, and related fields, and all those in the social sciences, as well as upper-level students in these disciplines.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Ethics and the Nature of Empirical Science
Legal Responses to Allegations of Scientific Misconduct
The John Darsee Experience
The Case of Elias A K Alsabti
Scientific Fraud or False Accusations? The Case of Cyril Burt
The Consequences of Fraud
Abbs academic accused agencies alleged Alsabti American analysis appeared authors Belmont Report biomedical Braunwald Breuning Breuning's Broad & Wade Burt's chapter clinical coauthors Committee conduct Cyril Burt Darsee Department disclosure drug editors Education Educational Psychology Emory Emory University evaluation evidence example Eysenck fabricated factor factor analysis faculty federal fraud in science fraud or misconduct Freedman funding genetic grant guidelines Health Hearnshaw human subject research individual inquiry institution Institutional Review Board investigation involved issues JD's Jensen John Darsee Jordanian Journal Joynson laboratory Medicine ment mentally retarded Merton methylphenidate moral N-rays National norms plagiarism policies Poling potential practice pressure problem procedures professional Professor psychology published question research fraud responsible retraction scientific fraud scientific misconduct scientists Sir Cyril Sir Cyril Burt social stress Summerlin theory tion twins University Wheelock Wierda York