Research on aptitudes: a progress report
A review of current literature on the relation of aptitudes to learning outcomes under different instructional methods or conditions. Included are: aptitude-instructional treatment interaction studies, notes on new methodological problems, and studies of individual differences in laboratory learning arrangements. Aptitudes emphasized include abilities (general, fluid-analytic, crystallized) and personality traits (anxiety, achievement via independence and achievement via conformity). Complex interactions among ability, personality, and instructional treatment variables are demonstrated. Implications for further research are discussed. (Author).
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