Reshaping Economic Geography in East Asia

Front Cover
Yukon Huang, Alessandro Magnoli Bocchi
World Bank Publications, Oct 15, 2008 - Political Science - 408 pages
This companion volume to the 'World Development Report 2009' comprises twenty papers authored by noted Asian scholars. These studies highlight how, throughout East Asia, spatial considerations have influenced Government policies at the national, regional, and local levels. Key themes include how countries have dealt with: (1) agglomeration economies, urbanization, and regional disparities; (2) improving connectivity with infrastructure investments; and (3) eliminating barriers across and within countries to favor the movement of labor, goods and services. Achievements vary widely across countries: while some succeeded in enhancing competitiveness and improving social outcomes, others are experiencing increasing inequalities and failures to spur growth in disadvantaged areas. The book highlights many examples of how the new economic geography is reshaping development objectives: from initiatives to foster growth via enhanced agglomeration and improved local connectivity to the world economy, to special decentralization programs that channel resources to lagging regions. This volume will be of great interest to readers working in the areas of economic policy, poverty reduction and urban-rural development strategies, and transport-led infrastructure policy.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

Figure 17 Structure of interregional trade between China and Japan
11
Figure 18 Share of East Asias population living in agglomerations greater than 750000 inhabitants 19502000
12
Figure 19 Ranksize rule of large agglomerations population over 750000 in East Asia 1950 and 2005
13
Figure 110 Nominal income per capita in select Asian economies 1990 and 2005
14
Figure 111 Regional income inequality measured using the coefficient of variation for select East Asian countries 19902004
15
Table 21 An endogenous model of clusterbased industrial development
20
Figure 21 Development of the motorcycle industry in Japan 194565
23
Average enterprise size and marketing channels in Wenzhou China 1999 1995 and 2000
24
Table 24 Share of manufacturing employment and annual growth rates of employment in Taiwan China by industry
26
Table 25 Changes in employment shares in Taiwan China by area and industry 1976 1986 and 1996
27
Table 26 Average number of enterprises and workers and real value of production per sample township in Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces China by ...
29
Table 31 Trust of villagers in various economic agents in Lao PDR
35
Table 32 Source of income of rural households in Lao PDR
36
Figure 31 The marketing process
38
Figure 32 Contractual arrangements along a Make or Buy spectrum
39
Table 34 Surveyed clusters in Lao PDR
40
Figure 33 Map of survey sites in Lao PDR
41
Table 35 Social characteristics of the largescale master weavers surveyed in Lao PDR
42
Figure 41 Location of surveyed villages in Indonesia
50
Table 41 Proportion of asphalt roads in intervillage roads in Indonesia 1996 and 2006
51
Figure 42 Change in average intervillage road quality asphalt roads as a proportion of all roads in select provinces of Indonesia
52
Table 43 Distance to economic centers in select villages of Indonesia
53
Figure 43 Per capita income growth in select villages of Indonesia
54
Figure 45 Impact of change in the proportion of asphalt roads at the subdistrict level on per capita income growth and change in nonagricultural inco...
55
Figure 46 Impact of years of schooling of household head on per capita income growth and change in nonagricultural income in select villages of In...
56
Figure 47 Selfemployment activities by provincelevel road density in select villages of Indonesia
57
Figure 48 Selfemployment activities by speed to district center in select villages of Indonesia
58
Table 48 Change in average road quality and per capita income growth in select villages of Indonesia
60
Table 49 Change in average road quality and nonagricultural income share in select villages of Indonesia
61
Table 410 Change in average road quality and nonfarm selfemployment income share in select villages of Indonesia
62
Singapore and Johor
67
Table 52 Comparison of Singapore and the IDR
68
Table 53 Economic growth before and after the Asian financial crisis by country 19912006
71
Table 54 Benefits of relocating and undertaking complementary activities
73
Table 55 Competitiveness indicators for Malaysia and Singapore
75
Figure 61 The Greater Mekong subregion
80
Table 61 Openness progress and inequality in the GMS 19902006
82
Table 62 Incidence of poverty in Lao PDR by ethnolinguistic family 2001
84
Table 64 Annualized growth rates of per capita expenditure and income by country and quintile
85
Table 66 Effects of improved roads and transport
88
Table 67 Decline in the availability of nontimber forest products in Ban Nong Hin Champassak province Lao PDR 198999
89
Box 61 Development through concentration? The Lao PDR governments focal site strategy
90
Figure 62 International migrant flows in the GMS
91
Table 68 Distilling the GMS success factors
93
Vietnam the Philippines Indonesia and Thailand
100
Table 71 GDP growth rate and GDP per capita in Vietnam by ecological zone
101
Figure 71 Employment in Vietnam by sector 19882005
102
Table 72 Average living expenditure in urban and rural areas of Vietnam 2006
103
Figure 73 Labor productivity in Vietnam 19952006
104
Figure 74 Cereal production per capita in Vietnam by region 2006
105
Table 76 Labor and migration situation in Vietnam 2004
106
Figure 76 Source of migrants to Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City 1999
107
Figure 77 Poverty rate and density in Vietnam
108
Figure 78 Inequality in Vietnam
109
Table 79 Investment in Vietnam by region
110
Figure 79 Relation between GDP per capita and agricultural value added in GDP in Vietnam
111
Figure 710 Total investment in the economy and in agriculture in Vietnam 19952005
112
Table 81 Shares of regional GDP with and without mining and household consumption expenditure in Indonesia by province various years 19752004
118
Table 82 Regional GDP with and without mining and household consumption expenditure per capita in Indonesia by province various years 197520...
119
Table 83 Annual growth rates of regional GDP with and without mining and household consumption expenditure per capita in Indonesia by provinc...
122
Figure 81 Structural change and growth in Indonesia19752004
125
Table 84 Social and demographic indicators in Indonesia by province 1971 and 2000
126
Table 85 Indicators of social vulnerability in Indonesia by province various years 19712004
127
Figure 82 Initial regional GDP with and without mining and household consumption expenditure per capita vs growth in Indonesia by province 197...
128
Figure 83 Provincial income inequality in Indonesia 19752003
129
Table 91 Urban and rural population and population growth rate in Indonesia 19602005
137
Figure 91 Net migration of population in Indonesia by districts 2005
138
Urban gravity at alternative distances and levels of urbanization
139
Figure 93 Outmigration from large metropolitan districts to the fringes in Indonesia
140
public expenditures and net migration in Indonesia
141
Table 94 Population convergence
142
Table 97 Population and annual population growth in Indonesia 2000 and 2005
143
Table 98 Composition and concentration of employment by sector
144
Table 101 Comparison of highincome per capita and lowincome per capita regions in Java select years 19862003
157
Figure 101 Java island and its vicinity
158
Table 104 Fraction of manufacturing value added in local GDP in Java select years 19862003
159
Table 106 Concentration of manufacturing firms in Java select years 19802003
160
Table 107 Concentration of manufacturing employment in Java select years 19802003
161
Table 109 Change in the district industrial concentration index in Java 19902003
162
textiles garments leather and footwear 19902003
164
chemicals 19902003
165
Table 1015 Test of dynamic externalities in Java 199095
166
Figure 111 Regions of the Philippines 2007
170
Table 111 Regional growth and structure in the Philippines by region 19752005
171
Figure 112 Regional growth versus initial regional income
172
Table 113 Social indicators in the Philippines by region 1988 and 2003
173
Table 114 Population and intraregional migration in the Philippines by region 2000
174
Table 115 Infrastructure indicators in the Philippines by region 1988 and 2004 or 2005
175
Figure 113 Variation in provincial prices 19852003
176
Figure 114 Income growth and poverty reduction Philippine provinces 19852003
177
Table 116 Determinants of local growth and poverty reduction in the Philippines
178
Figure 129 Allocation of the government budget in Thailand by activity and region excluding Bangkok and its vicinities 200106
193
China and the Republic of Korea
196
Figure 131 Regions and open cities in China
197
Figure 132 GDP growth in China by region 19812006
198
Figure 133 Ratio of total government revenue and expenditure to GDP in China 19802005
201
Figure 134 Ratio of central government revenue and expenditure to total government revenue and expenditure in China 19802005
202
Figure 136 Ratio of total provincial government expenditure to regional GDP in coastal and inland regions of China 19992006
203
Figure 137 Central transfers and GDP per capita in China at the provincial level 2004
204
Figure 138 GDP per capita and ratio of central transfers to subnational government expenditure at the provincial level 2004
205
Figure 1310 Relationship between growth in provincial GDP per capita and adjusted distance from the major coastal commercial areas in China 1979...
206
Figure 1311 Density of highways in China 1978 1999 and 2003
207
Figure 1312 Density of railways in China 1978 1999 and 2003
208
Figure 1313 Interprovincial migration flows to the coast in China 19952000
209
Figure 1314 Income inequality in China 19782004
210
Figure 1315 Income growth in rural and urban areas of China 19892004
212
Figure 1316 Projected household income inequality in China 19812021
216
Figure 141 Divergence of income among Chinese provinces 195298
219
Figure 143 Divergence of growth rates among Chinese provinces 195278
220
Table 141 Convergence of growth rates among the three regions in China 19782006
221
Figure 146 Per capita GDP and urbanrural divide in China 1999 and 2006
222
Figure 147 Interprovincial inequality in China 19522004
223
Table 144 Central government capital investment 19532005
227
Table 145 Net transfers received from the central government 19532005
228
Table 146 Preferential policies offered to different zones
229
Regression results
230
Table 148 Comparison of the western region and the country 200005
232
Table 149 Composite tax rates of inland and coastal regions
237
Figure 151 Industrial share in China by province 1987 1995 and 2005
243
Figure 152 Globalization and industrial growth in China 19872005
244
Figure 153 Urbanization and industrial growth in China 19872005
245
Figure 154 Per capita GDP and industrial shares of cities in China 19912005
246
Figure 155 Population density and per capita GDP of cities in China 19912005
247
Figure 156 Urbanrural and interregional income disparities in China 19782005
248
Figure 157 Urbanrural income disparities and infringement cases in China 19812004
249
Table 151 Historical development of opening areas
251
Figure 158 Share of net fiscal transfers in China from the central government by geographic region 19982004
253
Figure 1510 Changes in the share of agricultural expenditures 19982004
254
Figure 161 Geographic concentration of manufacturing industries in China 19802004
262
Table 161 Gini coefficient of manufacturing industries in China in select years 19802004
263
Figure 162 Geographic agglomeration of industrial output of globalized industries in China 19802004
264
Figure 163 Provincial distribution of industrial output of highly globalized industries in China
265
Figure 164 Geographic agglomeration of domestic marketoriented industries in China 19802004
266
Figure 165 Provincial distribution of industrial output of domestic marketoriented industries in China in 2004
267
Figure 166 Geographic agglomeration of favored and protected industries by local governments in China 19802004
268
Figure 168 Provincial distribution of favored and protected industries by local governments in China
269
Figure 169 Provincial distribution of leastfavored or protected industries in China
270
Figure 1610 Relations between exports panel A and foreign capital panel B and industrial agglomerations in China 2004
271
Figure 1611 Relations between ratio of income tax and valueadded tax to sales revenue panel A and ratio of total profits in sales revenue panel B and...
272
Figure 1612 Relation between ratio of state capital to total capital and Gini coefficient of threedigit industries in 2004
273
Figure 1614 Temporal changes of industrial specialization in centrally administered municipalities of China 19802004
274
Figure 1616 Temporal changes of industrial specialization in select western provinces of China 19802004
275
Table 162 Regression analysis of the relationship between productivity and industrial agglomeration for twodigit industries in China 198093
276
Figure 1618 Spatial distribution of manufacturing employment in China by county 2004
277
Figure 1619 Spatial distribution of employment in telecommunications equipment computers and other electronic equipment in China by county 2004
278
Figure 171 Returns to capital in China by province 19782005
284
Figure 173 Average of Hoover coefficients across regions in China 19992003
287
Table 171 Variable mean and rank
288
Table 174 Estimation results with dependent variable lnTFP
291
Figure 181 Three coastal regions in China
296
Table 181 Demographic and GDP indicators of Guangzhou Shenzhen Shanghai Beijing and China 19802005
297
Table 182 Share of secondary and tertiary industries in GDP exports and realized foreign capital in Guangzhou Shenzhen Shanghai Beijing and Chin...
298
Figure 182 The Pearl River delta region and its constituent cities
299
Figure 183 Urban clustercoordinated development plan of the Pearl River delta 2020
301
Table 183 Distribution of population in Shanghai 2006
307
Table 184 Industrial distribution in Shanghai 2006
308
Table 185 Population and GDP density in the Yangtze River delta region 2005
309
Table 186 Comparison of the three coastal regions in China 2005
311
Table 187 Major indicators of the JJJ cityregion 2005
312
the third pole in China
313
Table 188 Employment in three cities of China 2005
314
provinces mega cities and provincial cities
321
Figure 192 Four regions nine provinces and major cities in Korea
322
Figure 193 A brief history of Korean industrial policies
323
Table 192 Share of manufacturing industry in Korea by type of firm 19812005
324
Table 193 Share of manufacturing employment in Korea by region 19632005
325
Figure 194 Inward and outward FDI in Korea 19812006
326
Figure 195 Share of population in Korea by region 19702004
328
Figure 196 Entropy index
329
Figure 197 Annual growth rate of GDP in Korea 19602005
330
Figure 199 Per capita regional GDP in Korea by region 19852005
331
Table 195 Share of headquarters and plants of top 100 firms in Korea by region 2002 and 2007
332
Table 197 Regional GDP per capita in the capital region of Korea 19852005
333
Table 198 Share of dotkr domains in Korea by region 200107
334
Box 191 The case of Sunchang
335
lessons from experience
338
Table 201 Key indicators for growth urbanization and income distribution in East Asia by country various years
339
human development indexes in East Asia
353
Figure 202 Share of subnational government expenditure in total government expenditure in East Asia during the 1990s
355
Index
359
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

Bibliographic information