Reshaping the Work-Family Debate

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Harvard University Press, 2010 - Business & Economics - 293 pages
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The United States has the most family-hostile public policy in the developed world. Despite what is often reported, new mothers don‚e(tm)t ‚eoeopt out‚e of work. They are pushed out by discriminating and inflexible workplaces. Today‚e(tm)s workplaces continue to idealize the worker who has someone other than parents caring for their children.

Conventional wisdom attributes women‚e(tm)s decision to leave work to their maternal traits and desires. In this thought-provoking book, Joan Williams shows why that view is misguided and how workplace practice disadvantages men‚e"both those who seek to avoid the breadwinner role and those who embrace it‚e"as well as women. Faced with masculine norms that define the workplace, women must play the tomboy or the femme. Both paths result in a gender bias that is exacerbated when the two groups end up pitted against each other. And although work-family issues long have been seen strictly through a gender lens, we ignore class at our peril. The dysfunctional relationship between the professional-managerial class and the white working class must be addressed before real reform can take root.

Contesting the idea that women need to negotiate better within the family, and redefining the notion of success in the workplace, Williams reinvigorates the work-family debate and offers the first steps to making life manageable for all American families.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
1 Opt Out or Pushed Out?
12
2 One Sick Child Away from Being Fired
42
3 Masculine Norms at Work
77
4 Reconstructive Feminism and Feminist Theory
109
5 The Class Culture Gap
151
6 Culture Wars as Class Conflict
187
Sarah Palin as Formula and Fantasy
215
Notes
221
Acknowledgments
281
Index
285
Copyright

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About the author (2010)

Joan C. Williams is Distinguished Professor of Law, 1066 Foundation Chair, and Director of the Center for WorkLife Law at the University of California, Hastings College of the Law.