Resource Sharing in Biomedical Research
National Academies Press, Dec 13, 1996 - Medical - 85 pages
The United States is entering an era when, more than ever, the sharing of resources and information might be critical to scientific progress. Every dollar saved by avoiding duplication of efforts and by producing economies of scale will become increasingly important as federal funding enters an era of fiscal restraint.
This book focuses on six diverse case studies that share materials or equipment with the scientific community at large: the American Type Culture Collection, the multinational coordinated Arabidopsis thaliana Genome Research Project, the Jackson Laboratory, the Washington Regional Primate Research Center, the Macromolecular Crystallography Resource at the Cornell High-Energy Synchrotron Source, and the Human Genome Center at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The book also identifies common strengths and problems faced in the six cases, and presents a series of recommendations aimed at facilitating resource sharing in biomedical research.
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2 The American Type Culture Collection
3 The Multinational Coordinated Arabidopsis Thaliana Genome Research Project
4 The Jackson Laboratory
5 The Washington Regional Primate Research Center
6 The Macromolecular Crystallography Resource at the Cornell HighEnergy Synchrotron Source
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
8 Conclusions and Recommendations
Appendix A Workshop on Resource Sharing in Biomedical Research
Appendix B Acronyms
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academic American Type Culture Animal Resources animal rights Arabidopsis Thaliana Arabidopsis Thaliana Genome ATCC Bioinformatics biological materials biomedical research Biotechnology CHESS chromosome 19 clones collaboration commercial competitive Coordinated Arabidopsis Thaliana core costs database deposit developed Director distribution example federal funding agencies genes genetic Human Genome Center hybridomas incentive individual scientists industry instrumentation intellectual property investigators Jackson Laboratory leadership libraries licensing Livermore National Laboratory LLNL MacCHESS maintaining Medical Lake mice Multinational Coordinated Arabidopsis Mutant National Science Foundation nonhuman primates OWNERSHIP AND ACCESS patent policies primate centers Primate Research Center quality control Regional Primate Research repositories requests require research community research exemption research resources resource sharing samples scientific community sequencing shared resources staff stock centers structural biology studies synchrotron radiation Thaliana Genome Research Triangle Pharmaceuticals Type Culture Collection University user fees workshop worldwide WRPRC yeast artificial chromosome