Resources of the southern fields and forests, medical, economical, and agricultural

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Walker, Evans & Cogswell, printers, 1869 - 733 pages
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Page 385 - A New and Complete Treatise on the Arts of Tanning, Currying, and Leather Dressing : Comprising all the Discoveries and Improvements made in France, Great Britain, and the United States. Edited from Notes and Documents of Messrs. Sallerou, Grouvelle, Duval, Dessables, Labarraque, Payen, Rene, De Fontenelle, Malapeyre, etc., etc.
Page 149 - A single operation does not suffice to deprive them of all their tallow; the steaming and sifting are therefore repeated. The article thus procured becomes a solid mass on falling through the sieve; and, to purify it, it is melted and formed into cakes for the press. These receive their form...
Page 150 - The process for pressing the oil, which is carried on at the same time, remains to be noticed; it is contained in the kernel of the nut, the sebaceous matter, which lies between the shell and the husk. having been removed in the manner described. The kernel and the husk covering it are ground between two stones, which are heated to prevent clogging from the sebaceous matter still adhering. The mass is then placed in a winnowing machine, precisely like those in use in Western countries. The chaff...
Page 614 - Asparagus for Coffee. — Liebig states that asparagus contains, in common with tea and coffee, a principle which he calls taurine, and which he considers essential to the health of those who do not take strong exercise.
Page 321 - Fresh dung should never be applied to hops. Three plants are next placed in the middle of this hole six inches asunder, forming an equilateral triangle. A watering with liquid manure will greatly assist their taking root, and they will soon begin to show "vines.
Page 181 - ... (Herefordshire, England) famous for its cider, has lately, in a letter to the Hon. John Lowell, stated that the acetous fermentation generally takes place during the progress of the vinous, and that the liquor from the commencement is imbibing oxygen at its surface. He highly recommends that new charcoal, in a finely pulverized state, be added to the liquor as it comes from the press, in the proportion of eight pounds to the hogshead, to be intimately incorporated ; " this makes the liquor at...
Page 195 - Bell's Pract. Diet. 389 ; Pe. Mat. Med. and Therap. ii, 538 ; Le Mat. Med. ii, 487 ; Phil. Trans. 418, and Michaux, N". Am. Sylva, ii, 205 ; Ball and Gar. Mat. Med. 273; Cullen, Mat. Med. 288; Lind. Nat. Syst. Bot. 147; "Woodv. Med. Bot.; Griffith, Med. Bot. 288; Carson's Illust. Med. Bot. pt. 1. This is, undoubtedly, one of the most valuable of our indigenous plants. The bark unites with a tonic power the property of calming irritation and diminishing nervous excitability, " adapted to cases where...
Page 88 - ... imported sugar is used in all the small towns, and in the inns. " The sap continues to flow for six weeks ; after which it becomes less abundant, less rich in saccharine matter, and sometimes even incapable of crystallization. In this case it is consumed in the state of molasses, which is superior to that of the islands. After three or four days exposure to the sun, maple sap is converted into vinegar, by the acetous fermentation.
Page 179 - ... of the season is past, and while sufficient warmth yet remains to enable the fermentation to progress slowly, as it ought. The fruit should be gathered by hand, or shaken from the tree in dry weather, when it is at perfect maturity ; and the ground should be covered with coarse cloths or Russia mats beneath, to prevent bruising, and consequent rottenness, before the grinding commences. Unripe fruit should be laid in large masses, protected from dews and rain, to sweat and hurry on its maturity,...
Page 369 - ... it afford ; for it is only in the juices that the vegetable salts reside, which are converted by incineration into alkaline matter. Herbaceous weeds are more productive of potash than the graminiferous species, or shrubs, and these than trees ; and for a like reason, twigs and leaves are more productive than timber. But plants in all cases are richest in alkaline salts when they have arrived at maturity. The soil in which they grow also influences the quantity of saline matter. The following...

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