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Airflow and Pressure During Canary Song
Expiratory Muscle Activity
Lateralization of Syringeal Function
4 other sections not shown
accompanied by pulsatile air sac pressure analog circuit avian behavior bird song Birds 21 brain bronchus plugging Calibration canary song caudal cranial thoracic air Domesticated canaries duration expiratory airflow expiratory muscles female canaries flow probe flow transducer frequency response Gaunt and Gaunt Hartley and Suthers inspiration ipsilateral left plugged birds left side lesion McCasland 1987 medial tympaniform membrane microphone mini-breath ml/s muscle activity nerve sectioning neurons normal song notes/s Nottebohm and Nottebohm Nottebohm F nucleus nXIIts Oilbirds Physiol post-op repertoire pre-op syllables pressure transducer primary bronchus pulsatile expiration respiratory system right and left right side secondary bronchi secondary bronchus silent interval singing song production song syllables songbirds sound sources species spectrograms syllable production syllable repetition rates syllable types syllables are produced syringeal muscles syrinx testosterone thermistor thoracic air sac tidal volumes tracheal airflow tracheosyringeal nerve vocal vocal control vocal learning vocal organ voltage output zebra finches