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Chapter IIReview of the Literature
Chapter IllMethods and Procedures
2 other sections not shown
adult Analysis of Variance arousal back-up tangible behavior candy change scores classroom compared conditioning period conditions of social construct validity control group control subjects correct response correlations dependent variable differences in reinforcer discrimination learning task experiment experimental and control Experimental Control experimental group feedback findings Gewirtz and Baer independent variable individual differences laboratory least preferred hole literature low learners lower class children marble drop measure motivation negative paired associates task percent perform better positive predicted preference patterns prize problem procedures proportion of marbles reinforcement conditions reinforcement contingencies reinforcement hierarchies reinforcer effectiveness reinforcing value relationship responsiveness to social RSR groups sample satiation school achievement significant social class social deprivation social drive social learning theories social reinforcement RSR social stimuli Spence Standard Deviations Stevenson studies Table tangible reinforcers tangible rewards Terrell token economies two-hole marble task UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN-MADISON valence verbal Walters and Parke Zigler