Rethinking the Gospel Sources: From Proto-Mark to Mark
Burkett offers a fresh reading of the much-debated Synoptic Problem. He contends that each theory regarding the Synoptic Problem is contentious. Each presents a case for the mutual dependence of one source upon another for example, Matthew and Luke depend primarily on Mark, but use each other where they report the same story not contained already in Mark. Neither Mark nor Matthew nor Luke served as the source for the other two, but all depended on a set of earlier sources now lost. The relations between the Synoptic Gospels are more complex than the simpler theories have assumed.
Delbert Burkett is Associate Professor of New Testament at Louisiana State University and the author of The Son of Man Debate: A History and Evaluation and An Introduction to the New Testament and the Origins of Christianity.
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appears boat Chapter column common to Mark controversy stories crowd follows demons Deutero-Mark disciples doublets drew dual expressions editor of Proto-Mark elements explain fig tree Galilee Gentile Gospel of Mark Griesbach hypothesis idem instances Jerusalem Jesus Jesus heals Jewish Jewish Christian John Judaic Christians Judea kingdom longer ending Lord's Supper Luke knew Luke Luke Luke PMB Luke's Mark and Luke Mark and Matthew Mark Matthew Mark Matthew Luke Mark or Luke Markan priority Markan redaction Matt Matthean priority Matthew and Luke Matthew Mark Luke Matthew or Luke minor agreements miracle stories mission instructions mock Neirynck occur omission original parable discourse parallel in Matthew passages passion narrative passion prediction Passover pericope Peter phrase probably Proto revision Sanhedrin saying sequence of Proto-Mark shared with Matthew son of Zebedee Synoptic core Synoptic Gospels Synoptic Problem Table theory of Markan three Synoptics Tuckett two-document hypothesis word