Rethinking the Monroe Doctrine
Is the Monroe Doctrine worth reviving in today's world? This paper argues that the strategic principles behind the Doctrine, including its various transformations, are as valid and relevant as ever. Compared to just listing specific U.S. interests, the principles provide a clearer picture of why the Caribbean Basin is important to U.S. security, and what U.S. policy and strategy should emphasize. Properly done at the right time, the elaboration of a doctrine may help an administration galvanize public support and direct policy behavior. However, since mere mention of the Monroe Doctrine may provoke automatic public criticism at home and throughout Latin America, this paper does not recommend renovating it by name. People mainly remember its negative repercussions, not its positive elements. Other, prudent language and symbols should be developed if the Reagan Administration moves from listing interests to defining a doctrine that is supposed to benefit our neighbors' interests as well as our own.
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actors Alliance for Progress American Partnership arouse nationalist balance-of-power rivalries BASIN SECURITY Basin's importance Caribbean Basin Central America challenges Cuba Cuban David Ronfeldt defense disengage from Central domestic trends economy-of-force doctrine Edward Gonzalez enhance U.S. extra-hemispheric entanglement extra-hemispheric powers Foreign balance-of-power fourth principle framework geopolitical global and domestic global economic hemispheric Honduras immigration importance to U.S. internationalized intervention in Grenada intrusion involvement in Central Keck Center lanes and resources military bases Moderate U.S. Involvement Monroe Doctrine nations nearly manageable Neighbor Policy Nicaragua Panama Canal paper principles and imperative Rand Corporation Reagan Administration regimes roles Salvador Sandinista Soviet military Soviet Union Soviet/Cuban strategic principles identified strengthen support political democracy third principle threats and struggles throughout Latin America U.S. attention U.S. economic U.S. global strategy U.S. influence U.S. interests U.S. mainland U.S. military resources U.S. policy U.S. power U.S. presence U.S. public U.S. security U.S. strategy U.S.-European U.S.-Latin American relations U.S.-Soviet