Barry R. Gross
Prometheus Books, 1977 - Political Science - 401 pages
Writings by sociologists, political scientists, economists, lawyers, and philosophers present opposing views on whether members of racial, religious, or ethnic groups or of a sex against whom discrimination has been practiced should be given preferred treatment with regard to education and jobs.
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AFFIRMATIVE ACTIONA LIBERAL PROGRAM?
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academic administrative admissions affirmative action affirmative-action programs American applicants argue argument basis benefits blacks C-persons candidates Chicanos claim color compensation compensatory justice constitutional criteria cultural decisions DeFunis disadvantaged discriminatory distribution distributive justice economic effects effort employment equal Equal Protection equal-protection clause ethnic groups example Executive Order 11246 fact faculty favor federal Fourteenth Amendment goals higher education hiring immigrants individual institutions issue John Hart Ely justify law school lawyers legislation less LSAT material principle ment merit meritocracy minority groups minority students morally irrelevant characteristic national origin opportunities past discrimination past injustice percent percentage persons political population position practice preferential policies preferential treatment principle problem Professor qualified question quotas race racial and ethnic racial classifications racial preferences racist reason relevant reparations reverse discrimination Sidney Hook social society Stanley Pottinger suffered tests tion unjust victims white males women