Rich Democracies, Poor People: How Politics Explain Poverty
Poverty is not simply the result of an individual's characteristics, behaviors or abilities. Rather, as David Brady demonstrates, poverty is the result of politics. In Rich Democracies, Poor People, Brady investigates why poverty is so entrenched in some affluent democracies whereas it is a solvable problem in others. Drawing on over thirty years of data from eighteen countries, Brady argues that cross-national and historical variations in poverty are principally driven by differences in the generosity of the welfare state. An explicit challenge to mainstream views of poverty as an inescapable outcome of individual failings or a society's labor markets and demography, this book offers institutionalized power relations theory as an alternative explanation.
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2 Rethinking the Measurement of Poverty
3 Mythical and Real Patterns in Poverty
4 The Welfare State and Poverty
5 The Politics of Poverty
6 The Poverty of Liberal Economics
7 Structural Theory and Poverty
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affluent democracies affluent Western democracies AUL AUL chapter Children in Single-Mother collective political actors countries decommodification deindustrialization different from zero economic growth effect on poverty Elderly Population elderly poverty Esping-Andersen explain female labor force feminization of poverty Figure FRG FRG FRG Huber and Stephens inequality institutionalized power relations IRE IRE IRE ITA ITA ITA Korpi labor force participation labor market latent coalitions Leftist collective political Leftist politics liberal economics LUX LUX LUX Manufacturing Employment measures of poverty official measure overall headcount poverty poor poverty line poverty threshold power relations theory power resources theory PR system pre-fisc Proportional Representation random effects models reduce poverty relative measure scholars significantly different single motherhood single-mother families social science social welfare expenditures Sociology SPA SPA standard deviation Standardized Effects structural theory SWE SWE SWE Sweden SWZ SWZ tion U.S. poverty UKM UKM UKM United Kingdom USAUSA welfare generosity index women working-age adults