Richard Goldschmidt, Controversial Geneticist and Creative Biologist: A Critical Review of His Contributions
Leonie Kellen Piternick
Birkhauser, 1980 - Biographie - 153 pages
When Richard Goldschmidt emigrated to the United States in 1936, he had influenced a whole generation of young biologists, and had stimulated their research by his revolutionary ideas. Stern (1967, see p. 21) called him: 'Contributor of permanent parts, some very large; preceptor and critic of his era; designer of frameworks for the future'. In 1958 Goldschmidt's obituary was prefaced by the following statement: 'Der nachstehende Nekrolog erscheint gleichzeitig in Science und Ex perientia, damit das universale Heimatrecht Richard Goldschmidts zum Ausdruck bringend. Die Leser von Experientia erinnern sich dankbar der verschiedenen genetischen Aufsiitze dieses immer anregenden Geistes, dem unsere Wissenschaft grosse Impulse verdankt.' (Translation: The following obituary appears simultaneously in Science and in Experientia, a symbol of Richard Goldschmidt's right to be called a world citizen. Readers of Experientia will recall with appreciation several of the papers of this highly stimulating author to whom our science owes a great deal. (Experientia 14, 307, 1958). In commemoration of the 20th anniversary of Richard Goldschmidt's death (April 24, 1958) and the 100th anniversary of his birth (April 12, 1878) Experientia presents a contemporary evaluation of several of Goldschmidt's major scientific theories. We believe that some of these theories were far ahead of his time and that the controversies which they aroused are of considerable didactic interest to biologists today. Further more, they represent an important chapter in the history of biology."
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Abstl Acad adaptive analysis animals Arch Ascaris autosomes Berkeley Berlin Biol biologists biology cells changes chromatin chromosome correlation crosses degree of intersexuality developmental differentiation dimorphism diploid discussed Drosophila melanogaster effects Entw Experientia experimental F factor facts female intersexes fertilization genetic geneticists genotype Goldschmidt's theory gonad gonoducts gynandromorphs heredity Herold's organ Hertwig heterochromatin hybrid imaginal discs individual indukt intermediate interpretation intersexes J-animals Kosminsky law of intersexuality Lymantria dispar macroevolution macromutations male and female male determiners male intersexes material Mendelian morphological moth mutants Naturalist Neo-Darwinians parthenogenetic phenotypic physiological Piternick podoptera population problem Proc produced protein quantitative R.B. Goldschmidt races of Lymantria regulatory genes Richard Goldschmidt Richard Hertwig Science Seiler sex determination sex factors sex mosaic sexual Solenobia intersexes species structure subspecies tion triploid triploid intersexes triquetrella turning point compartments Untersuchungen variation Vererbung X chromosome Zentrbl Zool Zoology