Rise and Decline of Brazil's New Unionism: The Politics of the Central Única Dos Trabalhadores
This book explores the political trajectory of Latin America's most important contemporary labor movement. The New Unionism played a central role in Brazil's struggle for democracy in the 1980s and recast the country's subsequent party politics through its creation of the innovative Workers' Party (PT). The author breaks new ground by analyzing this celebrated prototype of «social movement unionism» as a heterogeneous alliance of component factions that evolves in relation to shifting economic, political, and ideological contexts. Through the prism of internal politics, he shows how Brazil's transitions - from military-authoritarian to liberal-democratic rule, from statist to free-market economic policies, and from a Leninist to a post-Leninist left - undermined the independent labor movement's commitments to internal democracy, political autonomy, and societal transformation. The book concludes with a comparative assessment of Brazilian, South African, and South Korean social movement unionisms' shared dilemmas, arguing that an adequate understanding of their relative declines demands more rigorous attention to the dynamic nexus between internal movement politics and shifting external environments.
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List of Figures
Emerging Axes of Division among Leading Labor Currents 19791980
The CUTs ReformistCombative Distinction 1983
Contrasting Evaluations of the CUT s Aborted 1984
CUT Factional Positions on Key Issues 19851986
The Independents Proposed Statutory Changes 1986
alliance Author's interview autonomy basic bloc Brazil Brazil's building BWU-SP campaign CBRF cent Collor Combative commitments CONCUT confrontation critical CUT leaders CUT union CUT's debate delegates democratic early elections electoral example factional competition forces grassroots Greater Sao Paulo groups hard Left ideological Independent leaders institutional inter-factional internal democracy labor central labor currents labor movement leadership Left camp Left factions Left minority factions Left party leftist local-level CUT Lula Lula's majority Meneguelli militancy militante moderate MWU-ABC National Congress national-level negotiations neo-liberal Old-Line Communist participation party factions party's patterns pelego pluralist political society positions prioritization proportional representation PT-CUT PT's rank-and-file rank-and-file workers Reformist relative role Sao Paulo sectors shift shopfloor Sindical slate social movement social movement unionism Socialist Convergence soft Left state-corporatist state-level CUT strategic strike struggle tion turbulence phase Union Articulation Union Articulation's union leaders union opposition movements union-local Unionist unity vote