* Is risk always measurable?
* Why are some risks more important?
* Do we take a lot more risks now?
* On whom can we rely for advice?
* How critical is the sociology of risk for understanding contemporary society?
The term 'risk' occurs throughout contemporary social analysis and political commentary. It is now virtually a legal requirement that large organizations throughout the world establish formal risk assessment and risk management procedures. Increasingly dense communication and media networks alert huge numbers of people and organizations to a widening range of threats and possibilities. A basic understanding of the risks themselves may require specific technical knowledge of basic chemistry, or the psychology of motivation, or of contrasting interpretations of injustices deep within the past. However, at the same time as attending to specific risks, there are general questions such as those above which invite reflection.
This wide-ranging and concisely written text is devoted to these general questions, exploring issues such as the measurement of risk in its social context, the idea that the mass media or the political opposition always exaggerate risk, and the notion that the advice of the expert is the best we can get as far as risks are concerned. It asks if there are more risks now and whether a certain level of risk is inevitable or even desirable, and considers for example whether interference with nature has led us to a world which is just too full of risks. Each chapter in the book builds towards a basic picture of risk in the contemporary world, and of the place of the concept of risk within the social sciences today.
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approach base-jumping Beck Beck’s behaviour beneﬁt Bergalis Bhopal Cambridge Caspian Sea Castel complex concern conﬁdence consequences contemporary critique cultural dangerous decision-making decisions deﬁned deﬁnition Douglas and Wildavsky Douglas’s economic emergence enclave entrepreneur environment environmental estimated example expert systems expertise ﬁeld ﬁgures ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂight game theory global Habermas identiﬁed individual investigative journalism journalists judgements Kimberly Bergalis Knight knowledge Labour launch Luhmann Mary Douglas mass media means measurement million votes moral panics Morton Thiokol NASA numbers organizations outcomes plant political pollution possible prevaricate priori probability problem psychometric question rational action reﬂect reﬂexive modernity response risk analysis risk assessment risk contexts risk society risk-taking Robert Castel scientiﬁc seals seen signiﬁcant Slovic social speciﬁc story structural theory Thiokol tion trust Ulrich Beck uncertainty Union Carbide University Press Wildavsky 1982