Rivers of Blood: A Comparative Study of Government Massacres

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 1995 - History - 240 pages
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Rivers of Blood offers a glimpse into the brutal world of state terrorism. In this innovative study, the author explores the strategies, targets, and motives of terror by reviewing the conditions surrounding government massacres. By introducing an innovative typology of massacres and a classification of terror strategies, the author develops a structural approach to the study of state terror, thus challenging the viewpoint that state terrorism is a situational or reactionary phenomenon. Case studies of government massacres such as those occuring in China (Tiananmen), Iraq (Halabja), and El Salvador (San Salvador), are included. Each case study includes a discussion on the historical, political, and social climate preceding the massacre. Rivers of Blood is a welcome addition to the literature on state terrorism.

 

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Contents

The Conceptual Framework
1
Introduction
3
The Problem of State Terrorism
9
Case Studies
29
China Tiananmen Massacre
31
Soviet Union Tbilisi Massacre
45
Ethiopia Sheeb Massacre
58
Iraq Halabja Massacre
71
Colombia Segovia Massacre
140
El Salvador San Salvador Massacre
153
Comparisons and Conclusions
167
A Typology of Massacres
169
The Character of State Terror
178
The Outcomes of State Terrorism
191
Government Accountability and the Pursuit of Justice
204
Appendix
211

Sudan Wau Massacre
84
India MeerutMaliana Massacre
97
Guatemala El Aguacate Massacre
110
Peru Cayaia Massacre
126

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Popular passages

Page 6 - Australia is a signatory, defines genocide as: . . . any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: (a) killing members of the group; (b) causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; (c) deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; (d) imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; and (e) forcibly...
Page 7 - genocide is a form of one-sided mass killing in which a state or other authority intends to destroy a group, as that group and membership in it are defined by the perpetrators.'6 Before the perpetrators of genocide acquire the power over their victims' life, they must have acquired the power over their definition.
Page 6 - To be more exact, extrajudicial executions are the "unlawful and deliberate killings of persons by reason of their real or imputed political beliefs or activities, religion, other conscientiously held beliefs, ethnic origin, sex, colour or language, carried out by order of a government or with its complicity" (Amnesty International, 1983: 5).
Page 3 - Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person (Article 3).

References to this book

About the author (1995)

BRENDA K. UEKERT holds a Ph.D. in Sociology from Syracuse University. She completed her undergraduate studies at the University of Wisconsin at Eau Claire, and spent several years as a senior research analyst at the University of California. Uekert is currently an adjunct instructor at the University of Wisconsin, Green Bay.

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