Garase examines aggressive driving and road rage among college students. Her approach is based in Agnew's General Strain Theory (GST) (1992). She uses GST theory to include the three sources of strain, situational and trait anger, and coping mechanisms (peer relationships and self-control). Strain has a direct, positive, significant relationship with road rage, and also an indirect effect through the coping mechanism of peer behavior. Garase concludes that strain as well as trait anger play significant roles in determining who is likely to participate in acts of aggressive driving and road rage.
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A Public Safety Concern
General Strain Theory
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adolescents aggressive driving Agnew & White alpha level angry Aseltine assess associated Brezina Capowich coefficient college students content validity control variables coping mechanisms crime Cronbach's alpha Deffenbacher delinquent peers dependent variable descriptive statistics deviant peers dispositional driver's education driving and road driving behaviors driving experience Driving Survey effects of strain engage in road examined females Furthermore gender Gottfredson Grasmick Guttman scale Hirschi his/her hypothesis included individuals level of self-control levels of strain Likert scale literature males Marsh & Collett Mazerolle & Piquero measures mediating variable Novaco Paternoster & Mazerolle path model peer behavior percent personality population positively valued goals relationship between strain reported research question residual error term respondents road rage behaviors road rage incidents role of anger sample significant situational anger speeding tickets strain scale strain theory stress subscale suggested Total Aggression Expression total correlations traffic citations types of strain undergraduate vehicle