Roadblocks on the information highway: the IT revolution in Japanese education
Although Japanese universities have relied on information technology to resolve numerous problems, their high expectations are undermined by lags in implementing that technology. This innovative edited volume argues that lags in IT implementation in Japanese education are created by contradictory and challenging responses of the social environment. If this dialectic can be visualized as having hands, the right avidly promotes IT, while the left hand simultaneously blocks it. The result, of course, is an impasse. The issues central to this stalemate are significant because they point beyond the schools, to a broader set of problem areas in Japanese society. The contributors to Roadblocks on the Information Highway discover and discuss the contradictions inherent in Japanese society and culture as they are played out in the social contexts of IT service providers, web masters, and classroom teachers who implement IT. They then show how these contradictions indicate broader, structural problems that pervade the dynamic between Japanese education and the state and business sectors. Ultimately, in a reach that goes beyond Japan, this book examines relationships between technology and society, persuasively convincing readers that the modern age has created an inextricable link between the two.
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administrative Ando approaches Bachnik barriers bottom-up Bourdieu bureaucratic challenges chapter classroom committee communication computer literacy computer networks creating discussion educational institutions employees environment example faculty members figure firms focus frame-based goals high-tech hiring implementation individual industry information revolution infrastructure innovation instructional Internet involved issues Japan Japanese education Japanese higher education Japanese national universities Japanese universities Kumar lack Ministry of Education national universities off-line on-line organization organizational discontinuity pedagogy percent problems programs reforms responses roadblocks Rtischev and Cole schools server computers servers Shire Shonan Fujisawa Campus short circuit Silicon Valley skill-based skills social society specialists status quo structure student-centered support services support staff survey syllabi teacher-centered teachers technical support tion tional Tokyo top-down University of Tokyo UNIX uploading usage users venture versity volunteer web-based learning web-based teaching WebCT