## Robust Power System Frequency ControlFrequency control as a major function of automatic generation control is one of the important control problems in electric power system design and operation, and is becoming more signi?cant today because of the increasing size, changing structure, emerging new uncertainties, environmental constraints and the complexity of power systems. In the last two decades, many studies have focused on damping control and vo- age stability and the related issues, but there has been much less work on the power system frequency control analysis and synthesis. While some aspects of frequency control have been illustrated along with individual chapters, many conferences and technical papers, a comprehensive and sensible practical explanation of robust f- quency control in a book form is necessary. This book provides a thorough understanding of the basic principles of power system frequency behaviour in wide range of operating conditions. It uses simple frequency response models, control structures and mathematical algorithms to adapt modern robust control theorems with frequency control issue and conceptual exp- nations. Most developed control strategies are examined by real-time simulations. Practical methods for computer analysis and design are emphasized. This book emphasizes the physical and engineering aspects of the power s- tem frequency control design problem, providing a conceptual understanding of frequency regulation, and application of robust control techniques. The main aim is to develop an appropriate intuition relative to the robust load frequency regulation problem in real-world power systems, rather than to describe sophisticated mat- matical analytical methods. |

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### Contents

LXVIII | 113 |

LXIX | 114 |

LXX | 117 |

LXXI | 121 |

LXXIII | 123 |

LXXIV | 124 |

LXXV | 125 |

LXXVI | 126 |

X | 15 |

XII | 16 |

XIII | 20 |

XIV | 25 |

XV | 26 |

XVI | 28 |

XVII | 30 |

XVIII | 31 |

XIX | 38 |

XXIII | 43 |

XXIV | 44 |

XXV | 47 |

XXVII | 50 |

XXVIII | 55 |

XXX | 56 |

XXXI | 58 |

XXXII | 60 |

XXXIV | 63 |

XXXV | 64 |

XXXVI | 66 |

XXXVII | 67 |

XXXVIII | 69 |

XXXIX | 70 |

XL | 71 |

XLI | 73 |

XLII | 75 |

XLIII | 77 |

XLIV | 81 |

XLVI | 82 |

XLVII | 85 |

XLVIII | 86 |

XLIX | 87 |

L | 89 |

LI | 90 |

LII | 92 |

LIV | 93 |

LV | 96 |

LVII | 99 |

LVIII | 100 |

LIX | 102 |

LX | 104 |

LXI | 105 |

LXII | 106 |

LXIII | 108 |

LXV | 110 |

LXXVII | 127 |

LXXVIII | 129 |

LXXIX | 130 |

LXXX | 132 |

LXXXI | 133 |

LXXXIII | 135 |

LXXXIV | 136 |

LXXXV | 138 |

LXXXVI | 139 |

LXXXVII | 141 |

LXXXVIII | 142 |

LXXXIX | 143 |

XC | 147 |

XCI | 148 |

XCII | 152 |

XCIII | 154 |

XCIV | 155 |

XCV | 157 |

XCVI | 161 |

XCVIII | 163 |

XCIX | 165 |

C | 166 |

CI | 168 |

CII | 169 |

CIII | 174 |

CV | 175 |

CVI | 177 |

CVII | 179 |

CVIII | 180 |

CIX | 183 |

CX | 186 |

CXI | 187 |

CXIII | 190 |

CXV | 194 |

CXVI | 198 |

CXVII | 199 |

CXVIII | 200 |

CXIX | 201 |

CXX | 203 |

206 | |

CXXIII | 209 |

CXXIV | 211 |

215 | |

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### Common terms and phrases

algorithm analysis area power system automatic generation control Bevrani block diagram Bode plots cascade failure closed-loop system communication delays considered constraints control action control design control loops control problem control strategy control synthesis dead band Electr emergency control frequency deviation frequency regulation frequency response Gencos Hiyama IEE Proc IEEE IEEE Trans interconnected power systems KSOF LFC design LFC problem LFC system linear matrix inequalities load change load disturbance load frequency control load shedding matrix inequalities multi-area power system NEMMCO optimal parameters participation factors PI controller PI-based LFC Power App power system control power system frequency power system operation proposed control real-time RESs robust control robust performance Sect shown in Fig simulation SOF control Springer Science+Business Media step load sub-areas supplementary control Syst system frequency control System response tie-line power change time-delayed transfer function uncertainties units variable vector voltage wind power wind turbine