Roma and the Transition in Central and Eastern Europe: Trends and Challenges
World Bank Publications, 1 ian. 2000 - 54 pagini
The situation of the Roma (or gypsies) in Central and Eastern Europe is one of the most challenging issues to emerge during the transition from socialism. As the socialist regimes collapsed and a free market economy was introduced, economic opportunities increased. However, job security and housing deteriorated. While political participation throughout the population surged, so did ethnic tension, which put the Roma, an already threatened minority, at even greater risk. Since they have always been mobile, the Romas do not constitute a large number in any one country, but as the Iron Curtain fell, their correspondence across borders swelled and attracted interest in their plight. 'Roma and the Transition in Central and Eastern Europe' discusses issues facing Roma in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, particularly in Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, the Czech and Slovak Republics. It provides the historical context and background, presents the available evidence on welfare status and living conditions, looks at issues surrounding access to social services, and discusses the policy implications concerning Roma.
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activities allowed Annex areas attendance benefits Bulgaria Central and Eastern challenges countries cultural Czech Republic discrimination discussed early Eastern Europe economic effective employment enrolled estimates ethnic European evidence example experience facing factors families frequently further groups higher households housing Hungary identified impact important improve income increased initiatives institutions integration involvement issues labor market lack language less levels limited living measures ment minorities NGOs non-Roma noted officials opportunities organizations parents participation particularly percent period poor population poverty programs projects range rates recent region result Roma children Roma communities Roma population Romania secondary sector settlements share Slovak Republic social assistance social services socialist society Source special schools status survey TABLE teachers tion total population transition women World Bank
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