Romanesque Ireland: Architecture and Ideology in the Twelfth Century
The Romanesque style was a pan-European tradition of art and architecture that emerged on the Continent during the 11th century. It reached Ireland as the movement to reform the Irish Church gathered pace at the start of the 12th century. Executed under secular patronage but for the benefit of ecclesiastics and their churches, it became a metaphor for that reform. The fashion for Romanesque faltered in eastern Ireland with the arrival of the Anglo-Normans in 1169, but it survived into the 13th century west of the Shannon. This book is the first substantial analysis of Romanesque Ireland to appear in thirty years. Concentrating on architecture and sculpture, it examines how Irish artists and builders of the 12th century reconfigured the language of the international Romanesque according to their own aesthetic tastes, and it considers the meanings of their art to contemporary spectators. In a departure from earlier literature, this book also explores the concept of 'style' itself, and its value in reconstructing social identity in the past.
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Irish ecclesiastical architecture to AD 1100
HibernoScandinavian and Cistercian Romanesques
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abbey altar Anglo-Norman animal heads antae arcade arch-ring Archaeological archivolt archivolt and intrados Ardfert Ardmore Cathedral arris barrel vault capitals carved Cashel chamfered chancel chancel arch chevron churches and monastic Cistercian Clonfert Cathedral Clonmacnoise contemporary context Cormac's Chapel decorated Diarmait Mac Murchada diocese Donaghmore doorway Dublin early medieval east end east wall ecclesiastical eleventh century English Romanesque example flanked Freshford Gaelic-Irish Romanesque Glendalough Harbison High Crosses hood moulding impost inner order Ireland Irish art Irish churches Irish Romanesque jambs JRSAI Killaloe Killeshin late Leask Leinster lintel Lismore lunettes medieval Ireland Mellifont monasteries monastic buildings motifs Munster nave nave-and-chancel NMAJ O'Keeffe original outer order parallels pediment projecting reconstructed reform responds roll mouldings Romanesque architecture Romanesque period Romanesque sculpture Roscrea Round Tower round-arched Scale bar scalloped south portal south wall Stalley stone string-course stylistic suggests survive transept twelfth century west facade west portal west wall