Rooms with a View: The Open Window in the 19th Century
"Everything at a distance turns into poetry: distant mountains, distant people, distant events: all becomes Romantic." With these words, the German poet Novalis anticipated the appeal of one of the richest motifs in the visual arts: the open window. Beginning with two sepia drawings by Caspar David Friedrich, images of windows—with or without human figures, starkly bare or draped with billowing fabric—filled up artists' sketchbooks and portfolios and resonated through the art academies and annual exhibitions of Germany, Denmark, France, Russia, and the other northern countries. In contrast to examples from earlier centuries, such as the celebrated works of the Dutch painter Johannes Vermeer, the early nineteenth-century pictures usually show the windows straight on, with views seen through them—pastoral and alpine views, views of sea and sky or moon and clouds, and urban views of rooftops, steeples, shipyards, or the skyline of Rome, where so many northern artists went to complete their studies, Sabine Rewald's informative and perceptive texts set these works in the context of their creators' lives and careers, apartments and studios, families and professional circles. Following the motif from Friedrich's sepias in the early 1800s through the flowering of Romanticism to the mid-century emergence of Realism in the works of Adolph Menzel, Rewald provides a much-needed perspective on this important period in Europe even as the works themselves, gathered together here for the first time, offer pure visual pleasure.
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Rooms with a View: The Open Window in the Nineteenth Century ; [this ...
Sabine Rewald,Metropolitan Museum of Art
No preview available - 2011
Académie de France Adolph Menzel Alaux Alte Nationalgalerie artist artist’s studio Bendz Biedermeier Borsch-Supan and Jahnig building cardboard Carl Carus Caspar David Friedrich Catel chair Charlottenborg Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg Cogniet Copenhagen curtain dated lower left dated lower right depicted drawing Dresden Kunstakademie easel Eckersberg Elbe Erhard exhibition famous ﬁg ﬁgures ﬁlled ﬁne ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂoor frame French Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy Georg Friedrich Kersting German Goethe Granet identiﬁed inﬂuenced interior Johann Kaaz Karl Friedrich Schinkel Kersting’s Kunsthalle landscape light Ludwig Metropolitan Museum mirror Moyaux Museen zu Berlin Museum of Art Naples Oil on canvas open window painter painting Paris pensionnaire picture portrait proﬁle reﬂected right-hand Ritterstrasse Romantic Rome room’s Rorbye Saint Petersburg Schinkel seen Seidler sepia shadows Signed and dated sitting room Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden Staatliche Museen tall Tretyakov Gallery Vienna Villa Medici wall watercolor Weimar Wilhelm Bendz window views windowsill young woman