Rubens: the passion of Christ
Rubens was well placed to take advantage of the increasing demand for scenes of Christ's Passion in the Southern Netherlands at the beginning of the 17th Century. He had developed a reputation for his religious paintings in Italy, and his return to Antwerp coincided with the efforts of the Catholic Church to restore and replace altarpieces damaged by the Calvinists. The influence of classical sculpture and of Titian, Michelangelo and Caravaggio is evident in the monumental quality of his compositions, which at the same time evoke his deeply held religious beliefs and his determination to give his viewers the sense of witnessing a moment in history.
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altar altarpiece Amsterdam Antwerp Antwerpen bens bens's Bialostocki Bodart Brussels Burchard Burchard—d'Hulst canvas Carrying the Cross Catalogue centre panel Christ Carrying Christ's body Christ's left composition copy Courtauld Institute Galleries Crucifixion d'Hulst Delacroix Descent Dessins drapery Drawing Fig Dyck Elevation engraving EXHIBITED figure Flemish foreground grisaille Haverkamp Begemann Held Ibid Iconography Jaffe Jordaens Joseph of Arimathea kneels Knipping Koninklijk Museum Kunst Lamentation left arm Lille LITERATURE London Louvre Miiller Hofstede modello Muller Munich Musée Museum voor Schone Nicodemus Oeuvre Oil on panel oil sketch Oil Sketch Fig Oldenbourg Olieverfschetsen Painting Paris peinture Peter Paul Rubens picture prov PROVENANCE repr right arm Rooses Rotterdam Rubens and Italy Rubens's Saints Saints Amandus Saviour scene Schone Kunsten Seilern shroud St John St Mary Magdalen St Petersburg St Walburga Tekeningen tion torso triptych upper Vienna Virgin Vlieghe Washing and Anointing whereabouts unknown Wierix York