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RUFFED GROUSE HABITAT RELATIONSHIPS
Density Changes in Response to Management
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20 acres 25-year-old aspen 26 years old acres or less acres range acres/year aspen age classes aspen and oak aspen larger aspen stands aspen type aspen-alder averaged beaked hazel Cat-tail Chokeberry clear cuts conifer County study areas deer devoid of alder dogwood Drummer densities drumming grouse drumming log Drumming Random Drumming drumming sites drumming stage forest types grouse habitat grouse populations grouse response grouse/100 acres Gullion habitat management habitat manipulations Habitat treatments Habitat Type hazel-nut higher grouse densities inches dbh managed area mature aspen ment numbers oak habitats oak stands occur older aspen pine prescribed burning random locations red maple regenerating response to habitat ruffed grouse Sandhill Wildlife Area Sandhill-Wood County study saplings shrub sites and random sprout growth stands 26 stands under 26 stems greater timber sales tion trees understory woody unmanaged tracts upland forest lands upland-lowland edges white birch Winterberry Wisconsin Wood County Forest Wood County study year-old aspen