Rural development in a changing world
The subject of rural development, as distinct from agricultural development, is explored in this book by an international and distinguished group of professionals in various fields. It is the first time that the many specific aspects of contemporary rural development have been brought together in one volume. Moreover, each subject is discussed in two contexts: that of the advanced countries and that of the developing ones, an arrangement which may shed some light on the question of how and to what extent the experience of one can influence the other. The importance of rural development for developing countries cannot be underestimated. The fact that the majority of the labor force in these countries is engaged in food production on a subsistence level leaves little doubt that rural development is the cornerstone of national growth. Not only does this book elucidate the many problems facing agricultural countries, but it hopes to provide guidelines for their possible solutions. Chapters in the first part of the book are organized under the headings: Rural Development--Policies and Planning; Agriculture and Industry; Rural-Urban Relationship; The Farm Unit; Agrarian Reform and Cooperative Institutions; Extension Services; and Implementation of Rural Development. The remainder of the book consists of eight case studies of agricultural and urban development in the United States, the Netherlands, Italy, Israel, Greece, Mexico, the Sudan, and Ceylon.
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achieve activities administrative advanced countries agri agricul agricultural development agricultural policy agricultural production agricultural sector average capital centers Ceylon changes cities cooperative cost crop cultivation cultural devel developing countries development plan duction economic development effective ejidatarios ejido employment established evaluation extension services extension worker factors family farm farmers function Gezira groups growth hectares implementation important improved income increase individual industrial inputs institutions investment irrigation labor force land consolidation Land Reclamation land reform Latin America Megalopolis ment Mexico million modern moshav needs Netherlands nomic nonagricultural operation organizations output overpopulation pattern peasant percent period planners polder political possible problems programs regional planning result rural areas rural development rural exodus schemes settlement sharecropping social society structure studies Sudan tenants tion town traditional tural United urban village Wieringermeer Zuiderzee