Rural Sociology

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Macmillan, 1922 - Country life - 571 pages
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Page 409 - And even less advertised is the fact that these 15 states include all but one of the 13 states (all southern agricultural states) which have a child labor percentage in excess of the average for the United States as a whole. The parallel is striking and the conclusion obvious. If rural sections, in spite of a small foreign population, have a very large percentage of illiteracy, it is apparent that country children are not being educated; and when we find that in these same regions, there is a large...
Page 414 - Teacher's home and demonstration farm of 5 or more acres as a part of the school property. 5. An all-year school session adapted to local conditions. 6. A county library with branch libraries at the centers of population, the public schools to be used as distributing centers.
Page 462 - The smaller the place the greater is the liability for loss of population. It might appear astounding that in the last decade two-fifths of the smallest villages lost population and that nearly three-tenths of all those under 2,500 are likewise losing.
Page 131 - ... days. Of the 500,000 workers who die each year, it is probable that the death of at least one-half is postponable by proper medical supervision, periodic medical examination, health education and community hygiene. Assuming that the average life has, aside from all spiritual and human values, an economic value to industry of not less than $5,000, and assuming that the special diet, care, and medical attention required by a man chronically ill costs $3...
Page 242 - ... information with regard to crop conditions, crop movements, market conditions, etc.; (6) lack of uniformity of methods, customs, grades, packages, trade terms, etc., in different markets; (7) control of auction companies by cliques of traders who handle commodities sold at auction. Some of the weaknesses of the transportation system are: (1) delays in transit, causing late arrival of perishables in market; (2) lack of refrigerating and other facilities for handling perishables at freight terminals;...
Page 242 - It is convenient to classify the weaknesses of the marketing system under four heads: (1) those connected with marketing at country shipping points ; (2) those connected with the wholesale trade; (3) those connected with transportation; and (4) those connected with the retail trade. It should be borne in mind that the defects enumerated below do not by any means exist in the marketing of all products and at all places. Very high degrees of efficiency have been attained with regard to all the points...
Page 63 - ... inhabitants winter together are hundreds of miles apart in the summer. The regularity and exactitude of their movements is such that you can predict to a day where, in a circuit of several hundred miles, any aul will be at any season of the year. A map of the desert showing all the routes of the different auls, if it could be made, would present a network of paths meeting, crossing, intersecting each other in every conceivable direction, forming apparently a most inexplicable entanglement and...
Page 314 - Afterwards, acquiring certain negative habits, as those of drinking and begging, and losing all self-control, selfrespect, and desire to work, they become "down-andouts" — tramps, bums, vagabonds, gamblers, pickpockets, yeggmen, and other petty criminals — in short, public parasites, the number of whom seems to be growing faster than the general population.
Page 394 - ... country life. Whereas in the city business and life are divorced, the place of business and the home are separated, and the source of income is considered apart from the place where the income is spent, quite the opposite is true in the country. There the farm is both place of business and home, both source of income and the place where it is spent. It would therefore be ridiculous to adorn the inside of the home and leave its surroundings ugly and repulsive. It would be an interesting digression...
Page 314 - Young men, full of ambition and high hopes for the future, start their life as workers, but, meeting failure after failure in establishing themselves in some trade or calling, their ambitions and hopes go to pieces, and they gradually sink into the ranks of the migratory and casual workers. Continuing their existence in these ranks, they begin to lose selfrespect and become

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