Russia and the Idea of the West: Gorbachev, Intellectuals, and the End of the Cold War

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Columbia University Press, Aug 5, 2000 - Political Science - 256 pages
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An intriguing "intellectual portrait" of a generation of Soviet reformers, this book is also a fascinating case study of how ideas can change the course of history. In most analyses of the Cold War's end the ideological aspects of Gorbachev's "new thinking" are treated largely as incidental to the broader considerations of power—as gloss on what was essentially a retreat forced by crisis and decline. Robert English makes a major contribution by demonstrating that Gorbachev's foreign policy was in fact the result of an intellectual revolution. English analyzes the rise of a liberal policy-academic elite and its impact on the Cold War's end.

English worked in the archives of the USSR Foreign Ministry and also gained access to the restricted collections of leading foreign-policy institutes. He also conducted nearly 400 interviews with Soviet intellectuals and policy makers—from Khrushchev- and Brezhnev-era Politburo members to Perestroika-era notables such as Eduard Shevardnadze and Gorbachev himself. English traces the rise of a "Westernizing" worldview from the post-Stalin years, through a group of liberals in the late1960s–70s, to a circle of close advisers who spurred Gorbachev's most radical reforms.
 

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Contents

Intellectuals Ideas and Identity in the Sources of International Change
1
1 The Origins and Nature of Old Thinking
17
2 Leaders Society and Intellectuals During the Thaw
49
From the Secret Speech to the Prague Spring
81
4 The Dynamics of New Thinking in the Era of Stagnation
117
New Thinking in the Time of Crisis and Transition
159
New Thinking in the Time of Crisis and Transition
193
Reflections on the Origins and Fate of New Thinking
229
Notes
241
Bibliography
345
Index
375
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About the author (2000)

Robert English, assistant professor of international relations at the University of Southern California, is currently a research fellow at the Institute for Advanced Studies in Princeton, New Jersey. The work upon which Russia and the Idea of the West is based won the Harold D. Lasswell prize of the American Political Science Association.


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