Smithsonian, Jul 17, 1998 - Business & Economics - 351 pages
Encompassing the heights of the Andes and the low-lying rainforests near the eastern frontier with Brazil, the Selva Central of Peru has one of the area's most dynamic economies. However, over the past four hundred years, the region has suffered and continues to be plagued by periods of economic and political disorder. Chronicling the region's history from 1635 to the present. Fernando Santos-Granero and Frederica Barclay assess the roles of immigrant colonists and indigenous groups in the political and economic development of Selva Central. They show how early missionary and mining endeavors paved the way for colonial expansion and analyze the effects of plantation agriculture and the timber industry on the region's ecology.
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PART ONE GENESIS OF A REGIONAL SPACE
Reconquest and Occupation in the Republican Period
PART TWO THE COLONIST ECONOMY
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agrarian agricultural units agropastoral activities aguardiente Amazonian region Andean areas of expansion articulation average area capital cattle Cerro Cerro de Pasco Chanchamayo and Satipo Chanchamayo Province Chanchamayo Valley coefficient of land-use coffee coffee cultivation coffee prices coffee production colonist sector colonized areas cultivated area demographic pressure economic established factors forest forestry district groups haciendas hectares highlands Huancabamba Huanuco indigenous indigenous families indigenous population Jauja labor land-tenure structure land-use intensity leaders Llaylla logging activity Luis de Shuaro Mazamari Merced minifundio mission missionaries native communities occupation ONERN Ortiz Oxapampa Oxapampa Province Palcazu Valley Pangoa Pasco pastures percent percentage Perene Colony perennial crops period Peruvian Corporation Pichanaki Pichis Valley Pozuzo PRONAC regional space result Rio Tambo road rural San Ramon Santos-Granero Satipo provinces sawmills sawnwood selva alta Selva Central Shining Path soils Source strategy Table Tambo Tarma timber industry tion tropical Villa Rica whereas Yanesha and Ashaninka