Clay Materials Used in Construction

Front Cover
George M. Reeves, Ian Sims, J. C. Cripps
Geological Society of London, 2006 - Science - 525 pages
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Concluding the trilogy on geological materials in construction, this authoritative volume reviews many uses of clays, ranging from simple fills to sophisticated products. Comprehensive and international coverage is achieved by an expert team, including geologists, engineers and architects. Packed with information prepared for a wide readership, this unique handbook is also copiously illustrated. The volume is dedicated to the memory of Professor Sir Alec Skempton. Various definitions of 'clay' are explored. Clay mineralogy is described, plus the geological formation of clay deposits and their fundamental materials properties. World and British clay deposits are reviewed and explained. New compositional data are provided for clay formations throughout the stratigraphic column. Investigative techniques and interpretation are considered, ranging from site exploration to laboratory assessment of composition and engineering performance. Major civil engineering applications are addressed, including earthworks, earthmoving and specialized roles utilizing clays. Traditional earthen building is included and shown to dominate construction in places. Clay-based construction materials are detailed, including bricks, ceramics and cements. The volume also includes a comprehensive glossary.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The composition of clay materials
13
Formation and alteration of clay materials
29
Properties of clay materials soils and mudrocks
73
World and European clay deposits
139
British clay stratigraphy
153
Exploration
177
Compositional and textural analysis of clay material
199
Specialized applications
347
Earthen architecture
387
Brick and other ceramic products
401
Cement and related products
427
Appendix A Mineralogical and chemical data
449
Appendix B Properties data
461
Some World European and UK clay deposits
475
Test methods for clay materials
481

Laboratory testing
223
Earthworks
275
Earthmoving
315

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

Engineering Geology
F G Bell
Limited preview - 2007

Bibliographic information