Safety, Reliability and Risks Associated with Water, Oil and Gas Pipelines

Front Cover
Guy Pluvinage, Mohamed Hamdy Elwany
Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 25, 2007 - Technology & Engineering - 349 pages
0 Reviews

Pipes are of major importance for transport of liquids and gas mainly for water, natural gas and oil. The total length of gas pipes in the world is estimated at one million kilometres for gas transport (pipes with a diameter of 80 to 1000 mm). Pipelines remain the least expensive transcontinental mean of transport compared to rail-bound or terrestrial transport. It has become increasingly paramount to ensure the safe utilisation of such plant in order to prevent economical, social and ecological losses. From a technical point of view, pipelines are complicated three dimensional structures that include straight pipes, nozzles, pipe-bends, dissimilar welded joints, etc. In addition, their operating conditions can be quite severe, that is, internal pressure and cyclic loading (vibration) combined with the influence of internal and external corrosive environments. The external defects, e.g., corrosion defects, gouge, foreign object scratches, and pipeline erection activities are major failure reasons of gas pipelines. All these types of defects and associated failure are described.

Leak and fracture of pipes is assumed to be done by initiation and propagation of defect and final failure when defect has reached a critical length.

In this book, the three two major defect assessment tools for pipes are presented :

i) the failure assessment diagram and particularly the SINTAP procedure,

ii) limit analysis,

iii) strain design approach

Methods of defect repair are based on investigation findings. Methods such as welded sleeve, repair clamp composite sleeve, grinding, pipe replacement are described.

 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

N Gubeljak
23
Interaction Between Material Properties Inspection Accuracy
45
Numerical and Experimental Study
65
A Elhakimi H Moustabchir S Hariri and Z Azari
79
Corrosion Fatigue Cracking and Failure Risk Assessment
98
Initiation of Stress Corrosion Cracking and HydrogenInduced
115
Failure Analysis of Polyethylene Gas Pipes 131
130
K Chaoui R Khelif N Zeghib and A Chateauneuf
165
T Boukharouba K Azouaoui J Gilgert Z Azari
202
The Experience on Safety Reliability and Risk Assessment
218
Reliability Assessment of Pipelines Using Phimeca Software
233
A Amirat B Bounamous R Khelif A M Chateauneuf
259
The Thermal and Mechanical Behavior of a Joint Pipe System
287
S Vodenicharov
300
Deformation Characteristics of Carbon Steels Under
316
Review of Gas Transmission Pipeline Repair Methods
335

Some Insights into the Fatigue Crack Propagation in Tubes Under
183

Common terms and phrases