Sailing Directions for Magellan Strait, and Channels Leading to the Gulf of Peņas

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Hydrographic office, Admiralty, and sold, 1871 - Pilot guides - 116 pages
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Page 73 - The general features of these channels are high abrupt shores, with innumerable peaks and headlands remarkably alike in character; their bold rugged heads giving an appearance of gloomy grandeur rarely seen elsewhere. The shores are generally steep-to, and the channels for the most part open and free, whilst the few dangers that exist are invariably marked by kelp.
Page 30 - East from the southward, and generally the seamen may be prepared for bad weather when the wind backs, even though the barometer does not fall. Northerly winds are often preceded by low flying clouds, with a thickly overcast sky, in which the upper clouds appear at a great height. The sun shows dimly through them with a reddish appearance, and with its edges so indistinct, that it is impossible to take an altitude, often for hours before a gale comes on.
Page 31 - The mercury stands lowest with NW winds, and highest with SE With the wind at NW or northerly, the mercury is low ; if it falls to 29 inches or 29'80, a SW gale may be expected, but it will not commence until the column has ceased to descend. It frequently however falls without being followed by this change. In the month of June, at Port Famine, the barometer fell to 28-17, and afterwards gradually rose to 30-5, which was followed by cold weather, in which the thermometer stood at 12°. The difficulties...
Page 50 - Harbour, on the Fuegian Coast, are not in the least inviting. Whale Sound, also on the Fuegian shore, at the back of Ulloa Peninsula, is a large inlet, trending 8 miles into the land, and terminating in a valley bounded on each side by high mountains. There is anchorage only in one place, the West side of Last Harbour ; and, although this harbour appears large, the anchorage is small, and close to the shore.
Page 2 - The banks at the entrance of this river have changed considerably since the survey made by Captain Stokes in 1828 ; HMS Nassau in 1867 grounded in 8 feet at low water, close to where 10 fathoms was marked in the chart. As, however, there is a rise and fall of tide of 46 feet at springs, a vessel of moderate draught can always enter at half tide by keeping close round the southern point. No large vessel should attempt to go inside.
Page 71 - ... Magellan Straits, is a high cape shewing from the eastward as a double nipple. The eastern and higher one belongs to a mountain from which the cape springs, but the western one is a kind of tower, and is of a form to which the name ' Pillar ' is applicable. The extremity common to the straits and to the Pacific Ocean, is a large detached rock, which shows the disposition of the strata of which it and the cape are formed. That part SMYTH CHANNEL. of the cape which is washed by the waters of the...
Page 1 - RIO de JANEIRO to CAPE HORN— A vessel leaving Rio de Janeiro for cape Horn, or Magellan strait, after passing the entrance of Rio de la Plata should keep well in with the coast of Patagonia. This can be done in safety, as the winds are almost always from the westward, and an easterly gale never comes on without ample warning. Cape Corrientes should be passed at a distance of 40 or 50 miles, when a course should be shaped for the centre of the gulf of St. George (about SSW), until southward of Valdes...

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