Salary and the gender salary gap in the academic profession
The academic profession is an occupation in which pay has fallen dramatically, resulting in the setting up of a Committee of Inquiry to examine both pay relativities and mechanisms for pay determination. This paper considers salary determination and the gender salary gap in the academic labour market drawing upon a particularly detailed data set of 900 academics from five traditional Scottish Universities. Results reveal an aggregate gender salary differential for academic staff of 15%. Most of this differential can, however, be explained by our model. Evidence suggests a limited opportunity for female academics to combine career and family, despite the flexibility of an academic job and emphasises the importance of mobility to the male career. Publication record, but not teaching ability, is found to be an important determinant of salary. The dominant contribution of rank to both the determination of female academic salaries and the gender salary gap suggests vastly differential opportunities for promotion faced by men and women.
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Aberdeen academia academic career academic labour market academic salaries academic staff academic's salary administrative responsibility average salary Baimbridge and Simpson Bauer characteristics coefficient cohort effect data set determinants of academic differences in salary DISCREC discretionary awards discrimination dummy variables Dundee earnings function effect of tenure faculty of medicine female academics female salaries female staff full-time gender differences gender differential gender salary differential gender salary gap Germany Glasgow higher salary included indicates significance individual's individuals institution IZA Discussion Papers KID2 labor economics labour force large constant term lower male academics male and female McNabb and Wass null hypothesis NUMPOSTS Oxbridge positive PRODPUB promotion R. T. Riphahn reflect regression analysis research assessment exercises reveal reward salary advantage salary scale Scottish universities senior lecturers short term contracts Sloane statistics suggests TENURESQ UK academic profession universities of Aberdeen university of Glasgow variables for rank Ward women