Same Sex, Different Politics: Success and Failure in the Struggles over Gay Rights

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University of Chicago Press, May 15, 2009 - Social Science - 392 pages
Why is it so much harder for American same-sex couples to get married than it is for them to adopt children? And why does our military prevent gays from serving openly even though jurisdictions nationwide continue to render such discrimination illegal? Illuminating the conditions that engender these contradictory policies, Same Sex, Different Politics explains why gay rights advocates have achieved dramatically different levels of success from one policy area to another. The first book to compare results across a wide range of gay rights struggles, this volume explores debates over laws governing military service, homosexual conduct, adoption, marriage and partner recognition, hate crimes, and civil rights. It reveals that in each area, the gay rights movement’s achievements depend both on Americans’ perceptions of its demands and on the political venue in which the conflict plays out. Adoption policy, for example, generally takes shape in a decentralized system of courts that enables couples to target sympathetic judges, while fights for gay marriage generally culminate in legislation or ballot referenda against which it is easier to mount opposition. Brilliantly synthesizing all the factors that contribute to each kind of outcome, Same Sex, Different Politics establishes a new framework for understanding the trajectory of a movement.
 

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Contents

Issues Institutions and Threats
1
Defining the Threats from Gay Rights
48
Advocating Gay Rights
91
Legalizing Homosexual Conduct
114
Adoption
144
Military Service
174
Marriage Civil Rights and Hate Crimes
205
Conclusion
240
Notes
277
Bibliography
313
Index
367
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About the author (2009)

Gary Mucciaroni is professor of political science at Temple University and a coauthor of Deliberative Choices, also published by the University of Chicago Press.

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