Sanctified Violence in Homeric Society: Oath-Making Rituals in the Iliad
In Sanctified Violence in Homeric Society, Margo Kitts focuses on oath-making narratives found in the Iliad through which she articulates a theory of ritualized violence. She analyzes ritual paradigms, metaphors, fictions, and poetic registers as oath-making principles, which she then traces through Homeric references and texts from the ancient New East. Discussing ritual features that are common to acts of religious violence throughout the world, Kitts makes use of the theory of ritual performance as communication.
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Premises and Principles of OathMaking in the Iliad
Ritual Scenes and Epic Themes of OathSacrifice
Homeric Battlefield Theophanies in the Light of the Ancient Near East
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Achaians Achaians and Trojans Achilles Agamemnon Anatolia ancient argued Ashur Ashurbanipal Assyrian audience avenge battle battlefield killing biblical blood Book 19 Chapter commensal commitments conventions corpse cultural curses discussed divine dying earth Eastern effect epic Erinyes Esarhaddon established fight fixity gasping gods Greek hair hands Hector Hittite Homeric horkia human Iliad instance invokes Ishtar Karavites king Kurunta lambs leitmotif liturgical orders Lykaon machaira Menelaos metaphorical transformation motif narrative oath-making rituals oath-sacrifice oath-sacrificing ritual oath-violation Odysseus oral traditional paradigms participants Patroklos Patroklos's patterns perjurers philotes poetic poine Poseidon prayers praying precisely Priam primordial punish Rappaport 1999 Ricoeur ritual acts ritual gestures ritual killing ritual performance ritual scenes scepter semantic Similarly slaughter speech acts sphere swear symbolic Tambiah Tarhuntassa theme theory of ritual throats thumos treaty Trojans trusty oaths typical scenes University Press unmixed libations utterances verbs verse violated oaths violence warriors Weinfeld wine witnesses words Zeus