A Sanctuary of Zeus on Mount Hymettos
This is the final publication of a small open-air sanctuary of Zeus on Mt. Hymettos above Athens, excavated between the World Wars by Carl Blegen and Rodney Young. The finds reflect two periods of activity: from 950 to 575 B.C. (many domestic cups and jugs, burnt animal bones), and the decades on either side of A.D. 400 (some 120 Late Roman lamps). The most significant find, however, was of 170 graffiti indicating a surprisingly high level of literacy in Attica in the 7th century B.C.
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7th century Agora agricultural alphabet Altar area altar of Zeus ancient appears Athenian Athens Attic Base black glaze Body fragment Brann brown glaze buff clay century B.C. complete Corinthian dedication deity diam discussion Dull early especially evidence examples excavated Flat bottom Geometric glazed inside graffiti grain Greece Greek handle Hesperia Hymettos important incised indicate inscribed inscriptions inside Kerameikos lamps Late later Left to right letters lines located lower material mentioned Mesogeia Mount mountain Mycenaean occurs offerings oinochoe Pausanias peak peak sanctuaries period pieces plain PLATE pottery preserved probably Protogeometric rain remains Rest restored Retrograde Rim fragment Roman sanctuary of Zeus Seventh century B.C. shape sherds Shiny side Skyphos suggested summit supply thick upper vertical vessel Votive dump worship writing Young Zeus Zeus Ombrios