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Effect of Scaling on Design and 0peration of Thermal Seawater
Design of Heat Transfer Configurations a Mechanical Tool for Prevention
8 other sections not shown
acid additives anhydrite anti-scalant asymptotic ball cleaning system brine bulk C02 release C02 system CaC03 scale calcite calcium carbonate calcium sulphate calcium sulphate crystals calculated carbonate and magnesium Chem chemical equilibrium chemistry corrosion crystal face crystal growth curve decrease deposition rate desalination plants desalination processes Design Fouling Factor desorption dispersion effect energy equilibrium evaporation surface experimental Falling Film feed water flow Figure flash chambers formed growth rate Hasson heat consumption heat exchange heat transfer surface increase induction period inhibitor ions Karabelas kinetics magnesium hydroxide mass transfer method molecular modeling morphology MSF distillers MSF Evaporator nucleation operating parameter particles performance ratio phosphonate precipitation prediction preheaters prevention R0 plants recycle distillers reduce salts scale control techniques scale deposition scale layer seawater desalination plants simulation solubility solution sponge ball cleaning substrate sulphate scale formation supersaturation total inorganic carbon tube vapour Wangnick water costs water production