Scarcity and Growth Revisited: Natural Resources and the Environment in the New Millenium

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R. David Professor Simpson, Michael A. Professor Toman, Robert U. Professor Ayres
Routledge, May 23, 2012 - Nature - 292 pages
In this volume, a group of distinguished international scholars provides a fresh investigation of the most fundamental issues involved in our dependence on natural resources. In Scarcity and Growth (RFF, 1963) and Scarcity and Growth Reconsidered (RFF, 1979), researchers considered the long-term implications of resource scarcity for economic growth and human well-being. Scarcity and Growth Revisited examines these implications with 25 years of new learning and experience. It finds that concerns about resource scarcity have changed in essential ways. In contrast with the earlier preoccupation with the adequacy of fuel, mineral, and agricultural resources and the efficiency by which they are allocated, the greatest concern today is about the Earth‘s limited capacity to handle the environmental consequences of resource extraction and use. Opinion among scholars is divided on the ability of technological innovation to ameliorate this 'new scarcity.' However, even the book‘s more optimistic authors agree that the problems will not be successfully overcome without significant advances in the legal, financial, and other social institutions that protect the environment and support technical innovation. Scarcity and Growth Revisited incorporates expert perspectives from the physical and life sciences, as well as economics. It includes issues confronting the developing world as well as industrialized societies. The book begins with a review of the debate about scarcity and economic growth and a review of current assessments of natural resource availability and consumption. The twelve chapters that follow provide an accessible, lively, and authoritative update to an enduring-but changing-debate.
 

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Contents

The New Scarcity
1
CHAPTER 2 Mineral Resources and Consumption in the TwentyFirst Century
33
The State of the Debate
54
The Roles of Biological Diversity and Management Practices
78
BioenergyFood Competition in a Carbon Constrained World
98
CHAPTER 6 Sustainability and Its Economic Interpretations
121
CHAPTER 7 Resources Scarcity Technology and Growth
142
CHAPTER 8 Endogenous Technological Change Natural Resources and Growth
155
CHAPTER 9 Evolutionary Analysis of the Relationship between Economic Growth Environmental Quality and Resource Scarcity
177
CHAPTER 10 Environmental Policy as a Tool for Sustainability
198
Inducing Investment in Innovation
225
A Comment
250
Views from the South
261
CHAPTER 14 Sustainable Economic Development in the World of Todays Poor
267
Index
283
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About the author (2012)

R. David Simpson is an economist with the National Center for Environmental Economics, United States Environmental Protection Agency Michael Toman is a senior economist in the environment division of the sustainable development department of the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB). At the time this book was written, he was a senior fellow at Resources for the Future, where he worked for over 20 years. Robert U. Ayres has been a professor of engineering and public policy at Carnegie-Mellon University and a Sandoz Professor of Economics and Technology Management at INSEAD, in France. He is currently an Institute Scholar at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in Austria and a professor of environmental science at Chalmers Institute of Technology, Goteborg University, and Kalmar University.

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