Sceptres and Sciences in the Spains: Four Humanists and the New Philosophy (ca. 1680-1740)
This study centres on science, aesthetics and ideology in Spain and Spanish America in the years 1680-1740. Catholic humanists began to move away from Scholastic philosophy and the aesthetics of cultism and conceptism in this period, which should be viewed as a bridge to the experimental phiosophy and neoclassical aesthetic of the later 18th century. The four main authors featured in this work were Hispanic humanists who embraced the via media - what Richard Popkin has called the third force of 17th-century thought - of epicurean atomists and moralists in their scientific and non-scientific writings. The influence of Bacon and Gassendi on the Spanish republic of letters - already visible in the writings of Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz (New Spain) and Gabriel Alvarez de Toledo (Spain) - continued into the third and fourth decades of the 18th century, when the philosophies of Newton and Vico appeared in the writings of Pedro de Peralta Barnuevo (Peru) and Francisco Botello de Moraes (Spain, Italy, Portugal)."
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Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz
Gabriel Alvarez de Toledo
Pedro de Peralta Barnuevo
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Alphonso Alvarez America Antonio atoms authority Bacallar Bacon baroque humanists bien body Botello Bourbon Carpentier Cartesian Christian Cielo ciencia concept Cordemoy Cruz cuerpo culture Descartes Desvios Dios discourse divine eighteenth century Enlightenment epicurean Epicurus Espana espiritus esto Estudios Francisco French neoclassicists Gassendi Gongora Gothicism Habsburg hermeticism hermeticists Hispanic humanists hombres human ibid ingenio intellect invention Juan King late baroque Latin Lima Lucretius Madrid Malebranche Marquis of Villena Mayans medieval Mexico City modern monarchical absolutism Montellano moral movimiento Muratori Nacion natural neoclassicism neoclassicists Novum Organum Nuevo Mundo Obras Pedro de Peralta pensamiento Peralta phantasy Philip philosophy physics Pierre Gassendi poem political Portugal Portuguese pues razon rhetoric and poetics Salamanca scepticism scholastic Sigiienza siglo sino solo Sor Juana soul Spain Spaniards Spanish Spanish-American spirit stanza style Sueho sueno tambien things tiempo Tierra tradition tropes understanding University unnumbered f verses Viceroy Visigothic writes