School Law and a History and Description of the Educational System of Michigan

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Sherman Company, printers, 1889 - Education - 155 pages

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Page 111 - ... no authority can, or ought to be vested in, or assumed by, any power whatever, that shall in any case interfere with, or in any manner control the rights of conscience, in the free exercise of religious worship.
Page 111 - That all men have a natural and inalienable right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates of their own consciences...
Page 146 - The line which separates moderate correction from immoderate punishment can only be ascertained by reference to general principles. The welfare of the child is the main purpose for which pain is permitted to be inflicted.
Page 149 - In one respect the tendency of the rod is so evidently evil that it might, perhaps, be arrested on the ground of public policy. The practice has an inherent proneness to abuse. The very act of whipping engenders passion, and very generally leads to excess. Where one or two stripes only were at first intended, several usually follow, each increasing in vigor as the act of striking inflames the passions. This is a matter of daily observation and experience.
Page 103 - These obligations are inherent in any proper school system, and constitute, so to speak, the common law of the school. Every pupil is presumed to know this law, and is subject to it, whether it has or has not been reenacted by the district board in the form of written rules and regulations.
Page 103 - In the school, as in the family, there exist on the part of the pupils the obligations of obedience to lawful commands, subordination, civil deportment, respect for the rights of other pupils and fidelity to duty.
Page 102 - While the teacher or principal in charge of a public school is subordinate to the school board or board of education of his district or city, and must enforce rules and regulations adopted by the board for the government of the school, and execute all its lawful orders in that behalf he...
Page 128 - Certain studies are required to be taught in the public schools by statute. The rights of one pupil must be so exercised, undoubtedly, as not to prejudice the equal rights of others; but the parent has the right to make a reasonable selection from the prescribed studies for his child to pursue, and this cannot possibly conflict with the equal rights of other pupils.
Page 123 - The misbehavior must not have merely a remote and indirect tendency to injure the school. All improper conduct or language may perhaps have, by influence and example, a remote tendency of that kind. But the tendency of the acts so done out of the teacher's supervision for which he may punish must be direct and immediate in their bearing upon the welfare of the school, or the authority of the master and the respect due to him.
Page 126 - In our opinion there is a great and fatal error in this part of the charge — particularly when applied to the facts in this case — in asserting or assuming the law to be that upon an irreconcilable difference of views between the parent and teacher as to what studies the child shall pursue, the authority of the teacher is paramount and controlling; and that she had the right to enforce obedience to her commands by corporal punishment.

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