School to Work: Research on Programs in the United States
An in-depth investigation into career-related programmes in American secondary schools and two-year further education colleges is given in this book. In addition to reviewing evidence on the effectiveness of vocational coursework, the authors analyse programmes involving students who study and work simultaneously, including co-operative education, youth apprenticeship and school-based enterprise.; Chapters deal with the problems encountered in the school-to-work transition: the preparation necessary not only for this transition but for changes encountered when jobs end abruptly, and issues covered include combining school-based and work-based learning and teaching and linking secondary with post- secondary education. Research on programmes involving students simultaneously working and at school, including non-school-supervised employment is also covered, as is co-operative education, which places students in jobs related to their fields of study. The traditional elements of post-school education and training are discussed together with an investigation into newer approaches including career academics and career magnet schools and programmes bridging secondary and post secondary education. Additionally, selected studies of programmes for out- of-school youth are reviewed.; To conclude, the authors consider new school-to-work systems and whether specially designed programmes for the "non-college-bound" students would be stigmatised as second best, or if an alternative programme could maintain an option for students to attend four year colleges and universities, the latter making the design and operation of school-to-work systems more difficult. Of interest to administrators, teachers, policy makers, analysts and employers, the findings in this book will shed light on the viability of new school-to- work initiatives currently being implemented in the UK, Europe and USA.
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1 The Transition Problem and Proposed Solutions
2 SchoolandWork Programs in Secondary Schools
3 SchoolandWork Programs in TwoYear Colleges
4 Relevance of Vocational Education to Subsequent Employment
5 Programs for OutofSchool Youth
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academic and vocational analysis apprentices articulation associate degree attend beneﬁts Broome County California career academies career magnet cent co-op programs co-op students community college controlled controlled cooperative education courses curriculum Department of Labor difﬁcult economic effects employers employment enrolled evaluation Experience Experience Experience ﬁeld ﬁnd ﬁndings ﬁrst ﬁve four-year college grades high school graduates high school students implementation increment in annual integration labor market magnet school mentoring programs National Center National Longitudinal Survey NCRVE NLS72 data NLSY Ofﬁce Ohio State University outcomes participation partnerships Pickens County Point estimates Portland Community College post-secondary education post-secondary institutions prep Project COFFEE Project ProTech proprietary schools Research in Vocational school-based enterprises school-to-work programs school-to-work systems secondary and post-secondary senior signiﬁcant signiﬁcantly skills speciﬁc statistically studies Table teachers Tech tech-prep programs tion transition two-year colleges University vocational education wages work-based learning workplace yes yes yes youth apprenticeship programs