Science, Technology, and Innovation in Chile

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James Mullin, Robert M. Adams, Janet E. Halliwell
IDRC, 2000 - Political Science - 149 pages
This book presents a joint Canadian and Chilean review of Chileā€™s programs and policies in science and technology. It proposes mechanisms for better public-sector coordination, reforms of public-sector technology institutes, and policies for training scientists and engineers. It will appeal to government officials and policymakers in science and technology; academics, researchers, professors, and university students in development studies, policy studies, and Latin American studies; public and private businesses involved, or interested in becoming involved, in the Chilean economy; and donor organizations and NGOs active in Chile and throughout Latin America.
 

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Page 4 - the network of institutions in the public and private sectors whose activities and interactions initiate, import, modify and diffuse new technologies
Page 6 - For both analysis and policy, this model underscores the importance of cooperation between firms and institutions, and, thus, the role played by links and networks involving different organizations.
Page 4 - A national system of innovation is the system of interacting private and public firms (either large or small), universities and government agencies, aiming at the production of science and technology within national borders. Interaction among those units may be technical, commercial, legal, social and financial, inasmuch as the goal of the interaction is the development, protection, financing or regulation of new science and technology.
Page 113 - a gross mismatch between the burden of illness, which is overwhelmingly in the Third World, and investment in health research, which is overwhelmingly focused on the health problems of industrialized countries.
Page 4 - An alternative, fuller definition is 'a system of interacting private and public firms (either large or small), universities and government agencies aiming at the production of science and technology within national borders.
Page viii - NSI could be thought of as a set of functioning institutions, organizations, and policies interacting constructively in the pursuit of a common set of social and economic goals and using the introduction of innovations as the key promoter of change.
Page 17 - ... environment. By this time, concern for the difficult issue of measuring the outputs of R&D systems was becoming an increasingly important preoccupation. Next came the Delapalme Report (OECD 1980), which dealt in detail with the need for efforts to...
Page 138 - Linkage to other policy domains (such as dealing with the economy, trade, education, health, environment, defence) • Allocation of resources to S&T from overall budgets and first-order allocation among activities • Creation of incentive schemes to stimulate innovation and other technical activities • Provision of a capacity to implement policies and...
Page 139 - Creation of institutional capacity in S&T • Provision of mechanisms to maintain the vitality of the national S&T community • Stimulation of public interest in and support...
Page 108 - SMEs appear to acquire most of their technologies from private-sector sources such as machinery suppliers and other companies. 6. Although the number of SME support institutions in Malaysia is quite large, very few of their programs involve technical consulting.

About the author (2000)

Janet E. Halliwell is President of JEH Associates Ltd. (Canada).

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