Science, Technology and the British Industrial 'Decline', 1870-1970
The place of science and technology in the British economy and society is widely seen as critical to our understanding of the British 'decline'. There is a long tradition of characterising post-1870 Britain by its lack of enthusiasm for science and by the low social status of the practitioners of technology. David Edgerton examines these assumptions, analysing the arguments for them and pointing out the different intellectual traditions from which they arise. Drawing on a wealth of statistical data, he argues that British innovation and technical training were much stronger than is generally believed, and that from 1870 to 1970 Britain's innovative record was comparable to that of Germany. This book is a comprehensive study of the history of British science and technology in relation to economic performance. It will be of interest to scientists and engineers as well as economic historians, and will be invaluable to students approaching the subject for the first time.
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aircraft argued arguments Barnett bibliography Britain British decline British economic performance British economy British firms British industry British science British technology C.P. Snow Cambridge capital and labour civil R&D College comparative Correlli Barnett critics critique culture D.E.H. Edgerton David Edgerton declinist defence R&D diffusion DSIR dyestuffs economic decline Economic History Society elite especially France funded R&D Germany graduates higher education historians important industrial R&D industrial research interwar invention and innovation Japan laboratories Lars Sandberg Lazonick literature London Martin Wiener Michael Sanderson Ministry of Supply Mowery neo-classical neo-Schumpeterian OECD output Oxford P.L. Robertson patents Pavitt picture postwar programmes proportion R&D expenditure R&D spending rates of growth relative decline research and development research associations science and technology scientific and technical scientists and engineers Second World Second World War sector Source spent technical education technique technocratic tion total factor productivity tradition twentieth century universities