Science without Myth: On Constructions, Reality, and Social Knowledge
By looking at science as a social and political activity, researchers have created novel accounts of scientific practice and rationality, accounts that largely contradict the dominant ideologies of science. Science without Myth is a philosophical introduction to and discussion of these social and political studies of science a discussion of the social construction of scientific knowledge as a product of communities and societies marked by the circumstances of its production.
The book argues that there are a number of important and interesting ways in which scientific knowledge can be a social construction but that it often is knowledge of the material world; therefore, this book is an essay on mediation or the mediatory roles of scientists between nature and knowledge. By identifying and separating different senses of the construction metaphor, this book displays senses in which scientists construct knowledge, phenomena, and even worlds. It shows science as made up of thoroughly social processes and that those processes create representations of a pre-existing material world. Science without Myth s argument provides a counter-balance to skeptical tendencies of constructivist studies of science and technology by showing that skepticism cannot cut so deeply as to deny the possibility of knowledge and representation."
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abductive argument accepted actors antirealist argue artifacts attempt beliefs Berger and Luckmann Bruno Latour causal chapter claim cognitive Collins communities concept context create critic cultures depends describe discussion empirical empiricism empiricist ence entities entity realism epistemology evolutionary example experiment experimental explain fact feminist framework gender goals Haraway Harry Collins Ian Hacking ideas ideology important instrumentally reliable interesting interpretation Knorr-Cetina Kuhn Kuhn's laboratory Latour and Woolgar material world metaphorical meaning metaphors Nancy Cartwright nature neo-Kantian constructivism ontology paradigms Pasteur perspective phenomena philosophers philosophy of science picture of science plausible political position practice problems processes produce rationality reality reliable methodology representations rhetoric S&TS scientific knowledge scientific realism scientists sense sexism Shapin social construction social constructivist social objects social world sociologists sociology of knowledge structure success technology studies theory things tion Trevor Pinch truth